The Stanford prison experiment. Conducted by Dr Philip Zimbardo (psychologist professor)

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The Stanford prison experiment. Conducted by Dr Philip Zimbardo (psychologist professor) by Mind Map: The Stanford prison experiment. Conducted by Dr Philip Zimbardo (psychologist professor)

1. Zimbardo psychologist, conducted the experiment in 1971. Set in the psychology building at Stanford University. The unit was converted to look like a real prison.

1.1. Zimbardo played the role of the prison warden.

2. Zimbardo recruited the participates via newspaper add. Male students needed to participate in psychological study of prison life $15 per/day for one/two weeks, beginning August. Applications may be obtained in room 248 Jordan hall.

2.1. 75 male participates were interviewed and 24 men were taken for the experiment. These men were choose to be the most stable mentally and psychically.

2.1.1. The 24 men were randomly split into roles 12 guards and 12 prisoners. There were two reserves, and one drop out, leaving ten prisoners and eleven guards.

3. PURPOSE of the experiment. To study whether the brutality reported among guards in prisons was due to sadistic personality or more to do with the prison environment.

4. PROCEDURE. Prisoners were treated like real criminals, being arrested at their own homes (without warning) and taken to the local police station. They were fingerprinted, photographed and booked. Then blindfolded and driven to the psychology department of Stanford university. when prisoners arrived they were stripped naked, stripped of their identity (given a number they were referred to this number during the experiment) and were given prison cloths before being locked away in cells with barred doors.

4.1. GUARDS, were all dressed in identical uniforms and special glasses (to limit eye contact with prisoners). Guards were all given whistles and a police cosh. The brief for the guard- To ensure law and order was maintained.

4.2. EFFECT. Within a short space of time both 'roles' adopted different behavior very easily. GUARDS began to harass prisoners waking them during the night, providing regular exercise routines and showing signs of aggressive behavior to control the prisoners. Psychical punishments, taunts and insults were hourly for prisoners. The prisoners were given pointless tasks to complete. All of this behavior demoralized the prisoners.

4.2.1. PRISONERS. Became more submissive while the guards became more aggressive. Less than 36 hours into the experiment, prisoner 8612 began suffering from acute emotional disturbance and cried uncontrollably. After a meeting with the guards he was offered an 'informant' status, returning to the prisoners saying he could not leave. Prisoner 819 broke down hysterically to the priest during the experiment. Subjects were showing psychological issues.

5. BROUGHT TO AN END. Zimbardo intended for the experiment to go on for two weeks but the experiment was terminated on the sixth day. The early termination was due to Christina Maslachs objections!, after being brought in to conduct interviews.