International and European Law

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International and European Law by Mind Map: International and European Law

1. Sources of international law

1.1. Treaty

1.1.1. Binding formal agreement

1.2. Customs

1.2.1. Certain actions or habits

1.3. General principles of Law

1.3.1. Basic rules, very general and abstract

1.4. Judicial decisions and writing

1.4.1. Form of legal opinion that's not binding

1.5. Hard law vs Soft law

1.5.1. Hard law: actual binding legal instruments and laws. Soft law: agreements, principles and declarations that are not legally binding

2. ≠ Domestic Law

2.1. = National law

2.2. Within a state

3. European Union

3.1. Values

3.1.1. Human dignity Freedom Democracy Equality Rule of law Human rights

3.2. History

3.3. Enlargement

3.3.1. 28 EU states

3.4. EU vs UN

4. Enforcement of international law

4.1. Arbitration

4.2. Mediation

4.3. State responsibility

5. Institutions of the EU

5.1. European Parliament

5.1.1. President: David-Maria Sassoli EU's law-making body

5.2. Council of Ministers

5.2.1. Rotates every 6 months

5.2.2. No fixed members

5.2.3. ≠ Council of Europe No EU body

5.3. European Commission

5.3.1. President: Jean-Claude Juncker Future: Ursula von der Leyen EU's politically independent executive arm

5.4. Court of Justice of the EU

5.4.1. Koen Lenaerts

5.5. European Council

5.5.1. Current president: Donald Tusk Future president: Charles Michel Sets the EU's political agenda

6. Sources of the European Law

6.1. Legislative process

6.2. Regulation

6.3. Treaty

6.4. Directive

7. UN in international law

7.1. Functions

7.1.1. General Assembly

7.1.2. Security Council

7.1.3. Economic and Social Council

7.1.4. Trusteeship Council

7.1.5. International Court of Justice

7.2. Agencies

7.2.1. ILO: International Labor Organization Programs to improve working conditions

7.2.2. UNIDO: United Nations Industrial Development Organization Industrial development for poverty reduction, environmental sustainability

7.2.3. IMF: International Monetary Fund International monetary cooperation Financial stability

7.3. UN Sustainable Goals

7.3.1. Global challenges Poverty Inequality Climate Environmental degradation Peace

7.4. Sustainability worldwide

7.4.1. Adidas

7.4.2. BMW

8. Single Market

8.1. Definition

8.1.1. Free movement of Persons Goods Services Capital

8.2. Consequences for consumers

8.2.1. Protection against false and misleading advertising, defective products and abuses

8.2.2. Health and financial protection

8.3. Consequences of the euro

8.3.1. ECB ensures price stability

8.3.2. Comparing prices in different countries

8.3.3. No need to change currencies anymore

8.3.4. Common currency protects the countries against competitive devaluation