Epidemiology of Exercise- and Sports-Related Injuries in a Population of Young, Physically Active...

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Epidemiology of Exercise- and Sports-Related Injuries in a Population of Young, Physically Active Adults: A Survey of Military Service Members by Mind Map: Epidemiology of Exercise- and Sports-Related Injuries in a Population of Young, Physically Active Adults: A Survey of Military Service Members

1. Authors

1.1. Keith G. Hauret, Sheryl Bedno, Kelly Loringer, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Timothy Mallon and Bruce H. Jones

2. Year

2.1. 2015

3. Objective

3.1. Record the rates and proportion of all injuries among military personnel

3.2. Compare rates across the military services

3.3. Describe the causes and types of injuries as well as associated days of limited activity

4. Methods

4.1. Cross-sectional study design

4.2. A random sample of active-duty personnel was chosen from a web-based 2008 Status of Forces Survey of Active Duty Service Members administered by the Defense Manpower Data Center

4.3. The survey was completed by 10692 service members

4.4. Survey questions included about injuries from any cause and from exercise and sports during the previous year

4.5. Responses were weighted by using SAS-callable SUDAAN version 10 and SAS version 9.2 to produce population estimates for injury rates

4.6. Percentage distributions were used to describe activities, injury types, days of limited activity, and contributing factors for exercise- and sports-related injuries

4.7. Chi-squared test of independence were used to evaluate associations between any injury or exercise- and sports-related injuries and a demographic variable

5. Results

5.1. 84% males; 64% were aged 30 and below; 84% were enlisted personnel

5.2. 49% of service members who sustained an injury from any cause in the previous year

5.3. 25% had an exercise- and sports-related injuries

5.3.1. 40% were joint sprains and muscle strains (most common injuries)

5.3.2. 35% required more than 2 weeks of limited activity

6. Conclusion

6.1. The overall incidence of injuries are caused by exercise and sports among military personnel

6.2. Prevention strategies should focus on running, weight training, basketball and football

6.3. Recommendations: Adherence to evidence-based practices to reduce the occurrence of exercise- and sports-related injuries

7. Reason for choosing this article

7.1. The epidemiology studies which related to physical fitness is interesting as we can learn how to maintain a fit and healthy body and prevent injuries through proper training