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CVI by Mind Map: CVI

1. Symptoms

1.1. Discoloration of feet and ankles

1.2. Pins and Needle sensation in lower extremeties

1.3. Varicose Veins

1.4. Thickening and hardening of the skin of lower extremeties

1.5. dull aching, cramping of legs

1.5.1. worse when sitting and standing

1.6. wounds/ulcer formation

1.6.1. cellular hypoxia

2. Epidemiology

2.1. Sex

2.1.1. female

2.2. Age

2.2.1. Older/middle age

2.3. Genetics

2.3.1. Familial

2.4. Lifestyle

2.4.1. obesity

2.4.2. smoking

3. Diagnosis

3.1. Doppler Sonography

3.2. History and Physical

4. Pathophysiology

4.1. Chronic insufficient blood return/stasis

4.2. Valve damage

4.2.1. Congenital valve defect

4.2.2. Trauma

4.3. Vein wall weakness

4.3.1. distension

5. Treatment

5.1. Sclerotherapy

5.2. Phlebectomy

5.3. Weight loss

5.4. smoking cessation

5.5. Exercise

5.6. Compression socks