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1. FORM: Intro, theme 1,2,3,1, theme 4, theme 1,2,3,1, theme 4, coda

1.1. Key of piece; A MAJOR....F MAJOR in theme 4 [non related; how he and his love can never be]


2.1. Begins on the dark chord of Aminor

2.2. Demi semi quavers and tremolo on strings

2.3. Low strings play rising and falling arpeggios

2.4. Harp arpeggios

2.4.1. Soli; solo

2.5. Dynamics build

2.6. Ends on a perfect cadence [V to I]

3. Theme 1 (the first time)

3.1. Begins on an upbeat

3.2. Waltz rhythm; strings

3.3. Step movement and chromatic movement

3.4. Sigh motif: appogiatura

3.5. It appears four times in the mvt and underscores other material often

3.6. Violin I plays theme

3.7. Ends on a perfect cadence

4. Theme 2 (the first time)

4.1. A descending passage played twice

4.2. Triplets

4.3. Theme is introduced by harp and lower strings playing a rising arpeggio

4.4. Played by violin I

5. Theme 3 (the first time)

5.1. Represents the lonely soul of the composer

5.2. A descending 4 note sequence consisting of a sigh motif and 3 repeated notes

5.3. WW and horn: more prominent

5.4. Theme is introduced by a rising staccato scale by flute and clarinet

5.5. Violin I: theme

5.6. Second part of the theme is played in canon: violin I and cello

5.7. Features: sequence, repeated notes, sigh motif, arpeggios, triplets, arch, pizzicato, sf sudden accent

6. Theme 1 (second time)

6.1. More instrumentation

6.1.1. Waltz rhythm: changed

7. Theme 4 (the first time)

7.1. F major

7.2. Flute then oboe

7.3. Tremolo strings and arpeggio staccato bass with short notes

7.4. Triplets played by strings and echoed by flute and clarinet

7.5. Pedal note on horn with dramatic cresc

7.6. Theme 1 echoes creating a polyphonic texture

7.7. Sense of foreboding: quick quaver repeated note in double bass, chromatically ascending

8. Development theme 2

8.1. Main theme: vln I

8.2. Vln II a third below

8.3. Triplets (rhythmic feature)

8.4. Cello and DB: arpeggio

8.5. Harp: arpeggio on the right hand, arpeggio and block chords on the left hand

8.6. Tremolo on WW

9. Development theme 1

9.1. Theme on vln II, viola, cello I

9.2. Accomp: vln I a short motif above, cello and dB: repeated notes

9.3. Harp: triplet arpeggios with a held note underneath

9.4. End of theme 1: WW ply repeated notes (know the rhythm!)

9.5. DB and cello play tonic note A under theme

10. Development theme 3

10.1. Intro. By a rising scale on flute, oboe, clarinet

10.2. Theme played by flute and oboe

10.3. Harp: triplets

10.4. Strings: pizzicato

10.5. Cello and violin I: falling pizzicato arpeggio followed by vln II and viola playing a rising pizzicato arpeggio

11. Development theme 1 (end of dev)

11.1. Intro. By a rising sequence on flute, oboe and clarinet

11.2. Played by piccolo, flute, oboe

11.3. Horn in E and C play accented and tied notes (syncopated)

11.4. Violin II, vla, cello, DB play the waltz theme in pizz strings

12. End of Development: theme 4

12.1. Clarinet

12.2. F major

12.3. Horn: sustained pedal note of F

12.4. Descending arpeggio on harp

13. Coda

13.1. Dramatic explosion of dynamics

13.2. Tutti

13.3. Tremolo strings

13.4. Theme 1 echoes

13.5. Rising scales and repeated notes

13.6. Perfect cadence at the end


14.1. Know what plays the melody and accompaniment of each theme and features of both

14.2. Compare the different versions of the themes

14.3. How is this piece an example of programme music?

14.4. Know the key of each piece and texture