Integration Theories

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Integration Theories by Mind Map: Integration Theories

1. Federalist Theory

1.1. The HIGHER the level of the political will exists, the HIGHER the probability of a federal system to exist

1.2. Characteristics

1.2.1. The establishment of Central Political Institution that carries the basic common Federal State.

1.2.2. Every single policy formulated by the integration automatically member countries without exception.

1.2.3. Ultimate objective or final mission of integration is the establishment Federal Government.

1.3. when there is high political will among the political intelligentsia sharing similar goals and purposes while agreeing on converging their national interests

2. Neo Functional Theory

2.1. characteristics:

2.1.1. 1. A process over the course of time and not necessarily an ultimate condition

2.1.2. 2. A process where there is a change taking place among the political elites a.k.a ‘incrementalism’. .

2.1.3. 3. Spillover concept

2.1.4. 4. Linear concept of integration. j

2.2. Argues that for integration to take place two preconditions must exist; (a) value change among political elites and (b) more positive spillover effects are seen and felt.

2.3. The MORE frequent these two are present, the MORE LIKELY a full regional integration can take place.

3. Transactionalist Theory

3.1. Characteristics

3.1.1. Trust and responsiveness Concept The concept of responsiveness is not occurring in this modern and challenging environment. There is no evidence that if we involve in transaction with other country, that country will also ensure its responsiveness to us.

3.1.2. Integration will take place solely based on increase rate of transaction it promotes a sense of community among member’s countries.t There is no evidence that integration will occur solely because of increase in rate of transaction in such variables of trade, visit and mail. Not suitable to explain evolution of neither EU nor ASean Majority of ASEAN major trading partners are not from ASEAN members themselves

3.1.3. Integration does not place importance on political institutionalization Creation of an institution is not necessary Absence of supranational decision making institution Not suitable to explain evolution of neither EU nor ASEAN

4. ‘incrementalism’.