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Modal Verbs by Mind Map: Modal Verbs

1. Express

1.1. Posibility

1.2. Skill

1.3. Obligation

1.4. need

1.5. Permission

2. Particularity

2.1. Never change

2.1.1. Example

2.1.1.1. I can speak french

2.1.1.2. She can speak french

3. Can

3.1. Ability or possibility

3.1.1. Time

3.1.1.1. In the present

3.1.2. Example

3.1.2.1. I can run very fast

3.1.2.2. I can not very fast

3.1.2.3. Can you very fast?

4. Should

4.1. Obligation or recommendation

4.1.1. Example

4.1.1.1. You shouldn’t work so hard

4.1.1.2. You should study more if you want to win the exam

4.1.1.3. Should I eat meat or chicken

5. Ought to

5.1. Synonym of should

5.1.1. Example

5.1.1.1. He ought to quit smoking

5.1.1.2. I ought to leave now

5.1.2. Note

5.1.2.1. It is never used in interrogative phrases in American English

6. Must

6.1. Obligation or need

6.1.1. Example

6.1.1.1. we must go now

6.1.1.2. You must not drink

6.1.1.3. Must we get up early?

7. Would

7.1. Preference or polite question

7.1.1. Example

7.1.1.1. I would like to eat spaghetti

7.1.1.2. Would you help me please?

8. Shall

8.1. Suggestions

8.1.1. Time

8.1.1.1. In the future

8.1.2. Example

8.1.2.1. Shall we go to the movies or a museum?

9. Might

9.1. Posibility

9.1.1. Time

9.1.1.1. In the present or future

9.1.2. Example

9.1.2.1. My mother might get angry

9.1.2.2. It might rain later

10. May

10.1. Posibility

10.1.1. Time

10.1.1.1. In the future

10.1.2. Example

10.1.2.1. I may be late

10.1.2.2. May we come in?

11. Could

11.1. Skill or possibility

11.1.1. Time

11.1.1.1. In the past or future

11.1.2. Example

11.1.2.1. I think it could rain later

11.1.2.2. I couldn’t sleep last night

11.1.2.3. You could write a book