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Discourse analysis by Mind Map: Discourse analysis

1. Analyzes the processes of “racialization” in the capitalist centers in connection with migration, capital accumulation, and class formation.

2. Group experiences in the development

3. Socio cognitive approach.

3.1. Focus on social categorization and stereotyping, relying on the cognitive concepts of “prototypes,” “schemas,” “stereotypes,” and “object classification.”

4. Discourse and Racism

4.1. “Racism” is a stigmatizing headword and political “fighting word”.

4.2. There is talk of:

4.2.1. Genetic

4.2.2. Biological

4.2.3. Cultural

4.2.4. Ethnopluralist

4.2.5. Institutional

4.2.6. Racism

4.2.7. Inegalitarian

4.2.8. Differentialist racism

4.2.9. Neo-racism

5. How to explain racism?

5.1. Many approaches from different disciplines reflect on the material, economical, social, political, social psychological and cognitive

5.2. Social identity theory

5.2.1. It recognizes the importance of socialization

5.2.2. Acquisition of social categories

5.2.3. Racism and ethnocentrism are

5.2.4. group membership and as the psychological effects of identifying with a specific

5.2.5. group in economic and social competition with other groups.

5.3. Critical theory

5.3.1. connect economic,political and cultural structures.

5.3.2. social dynamics, with the character structure of a person that has been fundamentally formed through childhood socialization.

5.4. colonial paradigm or race relations approach

5.4.1. It analyzes racism in the light of the development of a capitalist world economic system.

5.4.2. Cox (1970)

5.4.3. “race relations” as “behavior which develops among people who are aware of each other’s actual or imputed physical differences” Colonial paradigm or race relations approach.

6. Five Discourse Analytical Approaches to Racism

6.1. Prejudices and stereotypes

6.2. The sociocognitive approach

6.3. Discourse strands and collective symbols

6.4. The Loughborough group

6.4.1. The sociopsychologists Margaret Wetherell and Jonathan Potter (1992)

6.5. The discourse-historical approach

7. The Concept of “Race”: A Historical-political Etymological Overview

7.1. The concept of “race,” in reference to human beings, has nothing to do with biological reality.

7.2. “Race” is a social construction.

7.3. It has been used as a legitimating ideological tool to oppress and exploit specific social groups and to deny them access to

7.4. material, cultural, and political resources, to work, welfare services, housing, and political rights.

8. From a linguistic point of view, the term “race”

8.1. Has a relatively recent, although not precisely clear, etymological history.

9. Discourse

9.1. Can be understood as a complex bundle of simultaneous and sequential interrelated linguistic acts

9.2. A “discourse” about a specific topic can find its starting point within one field of action and proceed through another one.

9.3. Discourses and discourse topics “spread” to different fields and discourses.

10. Political economy of migration paradigm

10.1. Rejecting the sociological paradigm of “race relations.

10.2. Focus on worldwide migration

10.3. Immigrant workers “as having a specific socio-economic function found in all capitalist societies