COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN INFANCY

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COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN INFANCY by Mind Map: COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT IN INFANCY

1. 1. SCHEMES: action or mental representation that organize knowledge ex= sucking,looking &grasping 2.ASSIMILATION: children use thier existing schemes to deal with new imformation / experience .ACCOMODATION: children adjust their schemes to take new imformation & experience. 3.ORGANIZATION: grouping isolated behaviours /item into a higher order cognitive system 4.EQUILIBRATION: mechanism by which children shift from one stage of thought to the next -Disequilibrium -equilibrium

1.1. •sensorimotor stage

1.1.1. 1. SIMPLE REFLEXES 2.FIRST HABBIT & PRIMARY CIRCULAR REACTION 3.SECONDARY CIRCULAR REACTIONS 4.COORDINATION OF SECONDARY CIRCULAR REACTION 5.TERTIARY CIRCULAR REACTIONS,NOVELTY & CURIOSITY 6.INTERNALIZATION OF SCHEMES

1.1.1.1. •EVALUATING PIAGET'S SENSORIMOTOR STAGE

1.1.1.2. 1. THE A-NOT-B ERROR 2.PERCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT & EXPECTATIONS 3.THE NATURE-NUTURE ISSUE

2. Piaget's theory of infant developmet

2.1. •cognitive processes

3. Learning, Attention, Remembering,& conceptualizing

3.1. •CONDITIONING

3.2. •ATTENTION

3.3. •MEMORY

3.3.1. -MEMORY : central feature of cognitive development,pertaining to all situation s in which and individual retains information ove time -IMPLICT MEMORY: memory without conscious recollecting -EXPLICIT MEMORY: conscious remembering of facts & experiences

3.4. •IMITATION

3.4.1. Infant's imitative abilitiesdo not resemble a hardwired response but rather involve flexibility & adaptability

3.5. •CONCEP FORMATION & CATEGORIZATION

3.6. : consequences of a behavior produce changes in the probablity of the behavior's occurrence

4. Langguage developmet

4.1. •DEFINING LANGUAGE

4.1.1. Is a form communication -whether spoken,written / signed-that is based on a system of symbols -INFINITE GENERATIVITY: ability to produce & ckmprehend an endless number of meaningfull sentences usinf a finite set of word & rules

4.2. •LANGUAGE'S RULE SYSTEMS

4.2.1. 1.PHONOLOGY -. sound system of the langguage,including the sounds that are used & how they may be combined 2.MORPHOLOGY-. Units of meaning involved in word formation 3.SYNTAX-. ways word are combined to form acceptable phrase & sentences 4.SEMANTICS-. Meaning of words & sentences 5.PRAGMATICS-. appropriate use of langguage in different contexts

4.3. •HOW LANGGUAGE DEVELOPS

4.3.1. 1. RECOGNIZING LANGGUANGE SOUNDS 2.BABBLING & OTHER VOCALIZATIONS 3.GESTURES 4.FIRST WORDS 5. 2 WORD UTTERANCES

4.3.1.1. •BIOLOGICAL & ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES

4.3.1.2. 1. BIOLOGICAL INFLUENCES: ability to speak & understand langguage. >broca's area >wernicke's area >aphasia >LAD 2. ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES : our coverage of environmental influences on langguange development. >the role of social interaction >child-directed speech & other caregiver strategies

4.4. •AN INTERACTIONIST VIEW

5. : focusing of mental resources on select information -Habituation & Dishabituation -Joint Attention = when individuals focus on the same object & are able to track another's behaviour

6. -CONCEPT: cognitive grouping of similar objects, event,people,ideas -CATEGORIZING: items on the basis of prototypes features