IIU FRANCISCO VALLE

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IIU FRANCISCO VALLE by Mind Map: IIU FRANCISCO VALLE

1. priority was to provide for the common welfare. Jane Adams argued that real democracy must operate from a sense of social morality that would foster something the greater/good of all rather than protect those with wealth power

2. worked long hours in dangerous factory conditions for very little money.

2.1. Constructed the Panama Canal

3. Many possibilities and hope for Americans, the richest families in the U.S less than 1% scooped up the most of the treasure, and the rich gain everything

4. “Preventatives V. Palliatives medicine (“public Heath private health

4.1. Palliatives are patients that we’re dealing with life threatening diseases

4.2. Preventatives were medical doctors trying to prevent threatening diseases like AIDS,Cancer an other ones

5. George Westing house experiments with altering currents

5.1. George Westinghouse was an American inventor who discovered Electric alternative currents for the kitchen or any electrical stuff

6. Physical exam 1st time to all immigrants

6.1. The first physical exam to make sure that they are healthy with sanitary conditions

7. Edward Mellanby discovers vitamin D and shows that its absence causes rickets

7.1. Edward Mellanby used the experimental method to investigate medical problems

7.2. he provided evidence that rickets is a dietary deficiency disease due to lack of a fat-soluble vitamin [D

8. First successful human blood transfer

8.1. Karl Landsteiner, an Austrian physician, discovers the first three human blood groups, A, B, and C. Blood type C was later changed to O

9. Karl Landsteiner describes blood compatibility and rejection

9.1. Discovered ABO system of blood typing that has made blood transfusion a routine medical practice.

9.2. Saved a million of people with the blood compatibility

10. New York charity organization society is founded

10.1. In 1876 she became the first woman appointed a commissioner of the New York Charities Commission helped out everyone who were in need in the gilded age

11. Jacob Riss publishes how the other halves live

11.1. Focused on poverty in the gilded age

11.2. Exposed poor living conditions in New York life of slums

11.3. Unsanitary living conditions for immigrants in New York

12. National labour union created

12.1. Congress to pass a law limiting the workday to eight hour

12.2. bring together disparate labor unions to work for common goals important to all working men and women

12.3. Covered other organizations like Knights of labor and American federation of labor

13. Dispensaries

13.1. Afford Medical treatments for patients

13.2. Help out the public who didn’t have enough money to buy their treatments

13.3. Helped out the progressive reforms

14. Department of labor added to the cabinet

14.1. responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, an unemployment insurance

15. Clayton antitrust act

15.1. defines unethical business practices, such as price fixing and monopolies, and upholds various rights of labor

15.2. Fair competition just like the federal commission trade with other business

15.3. law passed during the era of the Progressive Movement to protect trade and commerce

15.4. gave unions the right to exist and affirmed the right of workers to go on strike.

16. Department of health add to cabinet

16.1. A new led of progressive reform for progressive era secured everyone’s safety

16.2. Protecting all the health of individuals of diseases and prevention

17. Jacob Riis publishes children of the poor

17.1. Exposed poor living conditions

17.2. Jacob riis was a muckraking journalist

17.3. Talks about corruption of government and slum as a child and related to the jungle

18. Sherman Anti-Trust-Act

18.1. authorized federal action against any combination in the form of trusts or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade.

19. Upton Sinclair Publish the jungle

19.1. Exposed all unsanitary drugs and food, lead to the pure food and drug act inspired by the muckrakers

19.2. Many people in society were reading his books about unsanitary foods

19.3. Considers himself as a journalist just like all the muckrakers

20. Bessemer process is patented

20.1. Inexpensive process for the mass production of steal created by Henry Bessemer

20.2. Andrew Carnegie used the Bessemer process for his steel production

20.3. The steel was an important resource in production of railroads and steel mills

20.4. Bessemer process helped made billions of dollars that helped the economy in the gilded age

21. Pendleton Civil service Act

21.1. made it illegal to fire or demote these government officials for political reasons

21.2. Government Employees should be selected through competitive exams

22. workers finish construction on theTranscontinental railroad

22.1. Majority Chinese immigrants finish the 1st transcontinental railroad

22.2. It impacted soo much in the gilded age huge transportation for everyone

22.3. A new invention for the era for railroads

23. Lochner V. NY (1905)

23.1. Lochner was accused having a baker who worked more than 60 hours a week and violated the14th amendment

24. Muller V. Oregon (1908)

24.1. Oregon enacted a law that limited women to ten hours of work in factories and laundries. The owner of a laundry business, Curt Muller, was fined $10 when he violated the law. Muller appealed the conviction.

25. National consumers league org. I

25.1. fight for the welfare of consumers and workers who had little voice or power in the marketplace and workplace. Many of the NCL’s goals, such as the establishment of a minimum wage and the limitation of working hours,

26. Immigration restriction act of 1921

26.1. implemented a literacy test that required immigrants over 16 years old to demonstrate basic reading comprehension in any language.

26.2. increased the tax paid by new immigrants upon

27. Pure food and drug act

27.1. centerpiece of progressive reforms in the early 20th century.

27.2. banned manufacturers from selling mislabeled products, from adulterating food with unacceptable ingredients, and from misleading consumers with false claims.

27.3. The muckrakers had successfully heightened public awareness of safety issues

28. Sheppard towner act

28.1. Provided child care and federal funding for women who have new borne or maternity’s

28.2. Influences the children’s bureau and women’s health

28.3. Many women’s advocated this act and pushed progressive reform to congress

29. Webb alíen land law passed in California

29.1. prohibited "aliens ineligible for citizenship" from owning agricultural land or possessing long-term leases over it, but permitted leases lasting up to three years.

29.2. It impacted the Chinese Exclusion Act it effected many Chinese who were living in California

29.3. It was mostly Koreans, Indians, Japanese, and other ethnicities that were living in California

30. American medical association

30.1. “to promote the science and art of medicine and the betterment of public health.”

30.2. Drug companies were required to show proof of the effectiveness of their drugs to advertise them in AMA's journal

30.3. Helped secured the life of citizens and helped discovered new ideas,medication for everyone and lead to progressive era

31. Standard oil trust form

31.1. The Standard Oil Trust was formed in 1863 by John D. Rockefeller. He built up the company through 1868 to become the largest oil refinery firm i

31.2. The company faced legal issues in 1890 following passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act.

32. Pullman strike

32.1. Wide spread of railroad strike

32.2. It effected gilded age

32.3. It effected the Pullman company

33. Trust/monopolies

33.1. Trusts are the organization of several businesses in the same industry and by joining forces, the trust controls production and distribution of a product or service, thereby limiting competition.

33.2. Monopolies are businesses that have total control over a sector of the economy, including prices.

33.3. Rockefeller formed the first trust in 1882 with the establishment of the Standard Oil Company. Rockefeller knew America depended on oil for its daily existence.

33.3.1. Many monopolist began gaining trusts from congress to form a better society like Rockefeller and other robber barons

34. Rough riders were a group of people that build that Panama Canal with Teddy Roosevelt

35. Yellow journalism

35.1. A style of bit present exaggeration pushing forward that help the United States And Spain into war with cuba and the Philippines and leading U.S Territory

35.2. Leaded a new time of era in the United States and it help the industry’s

36. laissez le faire

36.1. policy of minimum governmental interference in the economic affairs of individuals and society.

37. Gospel of wealth

37.1. “ the main consideration should be to help those who will help themselves

37.2. “Neither the individual not the race is improved by almsgiving”

37.3. “ while animated by Christ’s Spirit, by recognizing the changed conditions of this age”

37.4. “Can rise—parks, and means to recreation, by which men are helped on body and mind “

38. 17th amendment

38.1. gives voters the power to directly elect their senators. It also states that the U.S. Senate includes two senators from each state, and that each senator has one vote in the Senate.

39. Social Darwinism

39.1. “All societies advanced through 4 stages( from hunter gathering to commercial society as they progress from rudeness to reinforcement”

39.2. “Competition between human beings for the scarce resources required for subsistence”

39.3. “Spencer’s ideas about selection also were born from his political beliefs: he repudiated government interference with the “natural”, unimpeded growth of society”

40. American Federation Of labor

40.1. grew in power, coordinating efforts for several dozen independent labor unions.

40.2. It survived in the gilded age was successful

40.3. Samuel Gompers founded the union in 1886,

40.4. seeking better wages, working conditions, shorter working days, and the creation of all-union workplaces for its members

40.5. Won over knights of Labor

41. Knights of labor

41.1. secret organization meant to protect its members from employer retaliations.

41.2. producing groups such as shopkeepers and farmers as well as laborers it proposed a system of worker cooperatives to replace capitalism.

41.3. The union united skilled and unskilled laborers in the countryside and cities in one group

41.3.1. Allowed blank women to be involved not like the labor union

41.4. Survived the gilded also

42. Great Railroad Strike of 1877

42.1. violent rail strikes across the United States in 1877.

42.2. The strikes were precipitated by wage cuts announced by the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O) Railroad

42.3. The men, many of them from Canton in southern China, had demands: They wanted pay equal to whites, shorter workdays, and better conditions for building the country’s first transcontinental railroad.

42.4. Laborers helped out to build out railroads but had hard working hours and low wages

43. 19th amendment

43.1. Impacted the progressive era

43.1.1. Helped out temperance movements with women

43.2. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied

43.3. Alva Vanderbilt helium made the 19th amendment

43.4. Led great voices to everyone

43.5. EST. The 17th amendment too

44. Women’s bureau

44.1. shall promote the welfare of wage-earning women, improve their working conditions, increase their efficiency, and advance their opportunities for profitable employment.

45. Children’s bureau

45.1. Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families.

45.2. Help eliminate poverty and poor living conditions for children

45.3. advocating for playgrounds, establishing visiting nurse systems, promoting the registration of births, and opposing child labor.

46. Howard Hyde Russell

46.1. Superintendent of the league

46.2. Saw the Anti-Saloon League as a movement uniting the churches of America. His explanation of the methods of the Ohio Anti-Saloon League was part of a larger effort to spread the League into other states.

47. Prohibition

47.1. The prohibition act was commenced to solve social problems, reduce crime and corruption

47.2. Led the making of illegal bars& activities

48. Wets

48.1. People who supported use of alcohol

48.2. the Wets wanted the 18th Amendment repeal

48.2.1. Have house parties

48.3. Obtain alcohol illegally

48.4. Against prohibition

49. Child labor

49.1. useful as laborers because their size allowed them to move in small spaces in factories or mines where adults couldn’t fit

50. Alva Vanderbilt

50.1. was a champion of woman suffrage and equal rights for women. She provided financial support and amazing leadership for the campaign to ratify the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

51. Women suffrage

51.1. struggle for the right of women to vote and run for office and is part of the overall women’s rights movement

51.2. Jane Adams was one of the leaders of women’s suffrage

51.2.1. H

52. Francis Willard

52.1. implemented the use of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) as a political organizing force

52.2. advocate for women’s empowerment, but to provide women with the skills they would need

53. 18th amendment

53.1. The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, prohibiting the “manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes,” is ratified by Congress on

54. Mary hunt

54.1. Help to develop and legislate the Eighteenth Amendment which put Prohibition into effect in the United States.

55. Carrie N. White

55.1. guarantees all American women the right to vote.

56. 16th amendment

56.1. allowed government the banning alcohol without reducing tax revenue. The 16th Amendment allowing Congress to levy a federal income tax, helped pave the way for Prohibition

56.2. Enacted a 2% tax on alcohol and income

56.3. New Topic

57. Drys

57.1. Prohibition benefited Americans

57.1.1. Groups who supported for ban of alcohols like religious groups

58. WCTU

58.1. The WCTU was a religious organization whose primary purpose was to combat the influence of alcohol on families and society. It was influential in the temperance movement, and supported the 18th Amendment.

58.2. The president of the WCTU is Annie Wittenmyer

58.3. Fran Willard head of the WCTU

59. The temperance Movement

59.1. limit or outlaw the consumption and production of alcoholic beverages in the United States.

59.2. These people feared that God would no longer bless the United States and that these people posed a threat to America's political system

59.3. Mostly women were involved with this movement

59.4. Temperance Society campaigned relentlessly against what they viewed as a nationwide scourge of drunkenness.

60. Anti-saloon league

60.1. This organization's members believed that American society was in moral decline. people moved from rural areas to urbanize and losing touch with their religious values.

60.2. Wayne wheeler leader was the main leader of the anti saloon league controlled congressmen’s and other people

60.2.1. developed many tactics in pressure politics. In fact many authorities call pressure politics “Wheelerism.”

60.3. Earnest Cherrington was one of the leaders of this movement his main focus is on Anti-Alcohol

61. Populist party

61.1. -

61.2. fights to close the gap between the wealthy and poor and champion the needy and disenfranchised.

61.3. Populist party concentration on agrarian issues did not easily resonate with the expanding urban population

61.4. Supported income tax based on earnings to support government rather than the tariffs than charge to farmers

61.4.1. Demanded shorter work days, government loans, secret valid voting, election valid reforms

62. Hay Market Riot

62.1. Labor protesters rally near Chicago’s Haymarket Square turned into a riot after someone threw a bomb at police.

62.2. eight people died as a result of the violence that day. 8 radical labor activists were convicted in connection with the bombing.

63. Homestead Act

63.1. -

63.1.1. Abraham Lincoln was the one who signed the law to be passed

63.2. Native Americans were forced from their lands and onto reservations to make way for homesteaders.

63.3. homesteaders paid a filing fee of $18—$10 to make a temporary claim on the land, $2 for commission to the land agent and an additional $6 final payment to receive an official patent on the land.

63.4. accelerated settlement of U.S. western territory by allowing any American, including freed slaves, to put in a claim for up to 160 free acres of federal land.

64. millions of immigrants&farmers poured out into cities such as New York,Boston,St. Louis looking for work and urbanization

65. inventions

65.1. telegraphs were important inventions and made it easier for people to communicate

65.2. Telephones made faster communication than the telegraph

66. Labor unions

66.1. generally supported any candidate who would fight for shorter workdays, higher wages, and better working conditions.

66.2. Poor people supported

66.2.1. Many men and women joined to the man better wages and safe working conditions

66.2.1.1. They constructed the Panama Canal

67. the progressive era

67.1. Period of widespread social activism and political reform. The main objective of the progressive movement was eliminating corruption in government

67.1.1. Social progressive

67.1.1.1. Female social justice progressive helped write national anti-child labor legislation, minimum wage because this shows how women helped stop Child labor

67.1.2. Political progressive

67.1.2.1. Political progressive were mostly men wanted good government establish city councils and Solving urban problems

67.1.3. Economic progressive

67.1.3.1. Economic progressivism is based on the idea that capitalist markets are inherently unfair, favoring large corporations and the wealthy.

67.2. Progressivism is supporting social reform

67.2.1. Measure of social justice for all people, to eliminate political corruption, and to rebalance the relationship among business,labor and consumer by introducing economic regulations

68. The Chinese Exclusion Actl

68.1. First significant law restricting immigration To the United States

68.2. d. In May 1852, California imposed a Foreign Miners Tax of $3 month meant to target Chinese miners, and crime and violence escalated

68.3. gold was discovered in the Sacramento Valley of California in 1848, a large uptick in Chinese immigrants entered the United States to join the California Gold Rush.

69. Northern Europe

69.1. -

69.2. Most had some experience with representative democracy. With the exception of the Irish, most were PROTESTANT. Many were literate, and some possessed a fair degree of wealth.

70. Muckrakers

70.1. problems of the time, including poor industrial working conditions,poor urban living conditions and unscrupulous business practices

70.2. Upton Sinclair is one of the leaders of this movement. He was a writer and a political writer

70.3. Were journalists who exposed unsanitary conditions that will lead serious of acts

70.4. Exploited child labor

71. Hull House opens

71.1. one of the first social settlement in Chicago in 1889 when Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr rented an Abandoned residence at 800 south Halsted st. that had been built by Charles G. Hull in 1856

71.2. Its initial programs included providing recreational facilities for slum children, fighting for child labor laws, and helping immigrants become U.S. citizens.

71.3. Help solve neighborhood problems and help immigrant learn English

71.4. New Topic

72. Meat Inspection Act

72.1. prohibited the sale misbranded live stocks

72.2. Established sanitary standards for slaughterhouses and meat processing plants

73. Federal government revenue

73.1. About 30 to 40% of the government’s revenue came from alcohol taxes.

73.2. alcoholic beverages would abolish a major source of government revenue.

74. The Social Gospel movement

74.1. They wanted to abolish child labor

74.2. Many labor unions began joining the social gospel movement

74.3. Many Protestants progressives

74.4. Applied to Christians solved social problems get rid of prohibition, racism, crime and more

75. Federal Commission trade's

75.1. The principle mission is the promotion of consumer protection and the elimination and prevention of controlling business

75.2. Eliminates coercive monopoly

76. Robber barons

76.1. Railroad tycoons were just one of many types of so-called robber barons that emerged in the Gilded Age.

76.2. Rock Fellers he established Standard Oil, which by the early 1880s controlled some 90 percent of U.S. refineries and pipelines.

76.3. Vanderbilt initially made his money in the steamships business before investing in railroads. building steamships and operating ferry lines around the New York region

76.4. Andrew Carnegie created a steel empire, his furnace machines produce more than 60 tons of steel.

76.4.1. Wrote a book Gospel of wealth

76.4.1.1. Believed in Herbert Spencer ideas English writer, saying is nothing bad getting at the top

76.4.2. His parents we’re from Scotland and Andrew Carnegie left Scotland at age 12 with his parents too seek new opportunities

76.4.2.1. At age 13 he stoped boilers in a textile factory 12 hours a day, the gave him nightmare g

76.4.3. Andrew believed in the new world he would heal the wounds of his father defeat.

76.4.3.1. Moved to New York beginning of gilded age marked by the fortunes, he believed the pursuit of wealth degrading

76.4.4. Their family was poor, his father lost his Job, his mother Margaret mend shoes to keep the family together

76.4.4.1. 1849 Andrew enter the world of telegraphs as a messenger boy in a telegraph office, memorized important people in the business

77. Railroads

77.1. Railroads helped farmers by shipping crops to new markets but hurt farmers by charging high shipping rates

77.1.1. Andrew Carnegie worked for the Pennsylvania railroads to and left the Pennsylvania railroads to pursue his virtues

77.2. Transport steel,oils place to place and led transportation easy for people

78. Industrialization

78.1. J.P Morgan

78.1.1. powerful man incorporated with the industry of railroads

79. immigration

80. Urbanization

80.1. The nation biggest draw was New York, where the population had nearly double in a single generation

80.2. Women secured nursing municipal public health they were responsible for their cities implemented new clean water systems

81. Gilded age