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Special Needs by Mind Map: Special Needs

1. ADHD

1.1. Not included in IDEA's definition of children with disabilities.

1.2. Not eligible for their services but can still benefit from special services under Section 504.

1.3. There is no diagnostic test.

1.4. Five conditions must be met.

1.4.1. Six or more of the symptoms must be present.

1.4.2. Must have lasted for more than 6 months.

1.4.3. Symptoms had to start before 7 years of age.

1.4.4. Must result in impaired functioning in 2 settings (school, home, etc.)

1.4.5. Are not accounted for in a different mental condition.

1.5. Far more boys are affected than girls.

1.6. Inclusion.

1.7. Become familiar with the 504 Plan or IEP.

1.8. Coordinate and collaborate with other professionals and staff for resources and support.

2. English Language Learners

2.1. 20% of the general population (ages 5+) speak a language other than English at home.

2.2. There are no federally mandated programs like those provided for students with disabilities.

2.3. Teachers Attitude, Content, Comprehensibility, Connections, Interaction

2.4. Adds a cultural richness and global understanding to the class.

2.5. Be aware of our own biases.

2.6. Ask questions that require different levels of English proficiency (page 120).

3. Students Who are Troubled

3.1. Student Assistance Programs

3.2. Student Assistance Counselors

3.3. Drug problems usually occur in conjunction with other problems - academics, pregnancy, abuse, family problems, depression, etc.

3.4. 1 in 4 students come from a family where one or both of the parents are addicted to drugs or alcohol.

3.5. Gradual increase in marijuana use since 2008 for all grades. (8-12)

3.6. Do not require absolute proof for making a statement/calling in about suspected child abuse/neglect.

3.7. Eating Disorders

4. Students Living in Poverty

4.1. More than 1 in 6 children live in poverty in the US.

4.2. Do not engage in deficit thinking.

4.3. Far less likely than children from middle class families to have access to dental care, may suffer from psychological problems or developmental delays.

4.4. Do not lower expectations but show compassion and flexibility.

4.5. Be sensitive when disciplining.

5. Students with Disabilities

5.1. Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

5.1.1. Ranges from conduct disorder to depression.

5.1.2. Externalizing behavior disorders -- "problem students"

5.1.3. Be proactive.

5.1.4. Direct teaching of appropriate behaviors.

5.1.5. Exploring the purpose of the unacceptable behavior.

5.1.6. Promote a sense of community.

5.1.7. Minimize the possibility of embarrassment.

5.2. Autism and Asperger Syndrome

5.2.1. Impairments with social and communication skills.

5.2.2. Biological and neurological.

5.2.3. Hypersensitivity, little or no spoken language, little awareness of surroundings, etc.

5.2.4. AS desire interaction but aren't sure of how to function when the conditions arise; lack knowledge of perspective and nonverbal social cues.

5.2.5. Create a home base.

5.2.6. Prime the student for the day.

5.3. Learning Disability

5.3.1. >5% of the general school age population.

5.3.2. Diagnosis is made when there's a severe discrepancy between intellectual ability and academic performance.

5.3.3. May have trouble reading, writing, spelling, remembering, understanding, organizing, retelling, connecting, etc.

5.3.4. Match tasks to student ability.

5.3.5. Small group instruction with no more than 6 students.

5.3.6. Model self-questioning strategies while reading aloud or doing math problems.