Production and operations management

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Production and operations management by Mind Map: Production and operations management

1. Production

1.1. Requirements of Production

1.1.1. (1) to build and deliver products in response to the demands of the customer at a scheduled delivery time

1.1.2. (2) to provide an acceptable quality level

1.1.3. (3) to provide everything at the lowest possible cost

1.2. Production Processes

1.2.1. Types

1.2.1.1. Continuous Process

1.2.1.1.1. A production process in which long production runs turn out finished goods over time.

1.2.1.2. Intermittent Process

1.2.1.2.1. A production process in which the production run is short and the machines are changed frequently to make different products.

1.2.2. Parts

1.2.2.1. Process Manufacturing

1.2.2.1.1. That part of the production process that physically or chemically changes materials.

1.2.2.2. Assemby Process

1.2.2.2.1. That part of the production process that puts together components to make a product.

2. Operations Management Planning (helps solve problems)

2.1. facility location: The process of selecting a geographic location for a company’s operation

2.2. facility layout:The physical arrangement of resources (including people) in the production process.

2.3. materials requirement planning: (MRP) A computer-based operations management system that uses sales forecasts to make sure that needed parts and materials are available at the right time and place.

2.4. Purchasing:The function in a firm that searches for high-quality material resources, finds the best suppliers, and negotiate the best price for goods and services.

2.5. inventory control: just-in-time (JIT) inventory control:A production process in which a minimum of inventory is kept on the premises and parts, supplies, and other needs are delivered just in time to go on the assembly line.

2.6. Quality control: Consistently producing what the customer wants while reducing errors before and after delivery to the customer

2.6.1. Leadership

2.6.2. customer and market focus

2.6.3. Information and analysis

2.6.4. human resources focus

2.6.5. process management

2.6.6. business results

3. Goal

3.1. Provide high-quality goods and services instantaneously in response to customer demand.

4. Major developments of U.S. companies

4.1. computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM): uniting CAD & CAM

4.1.1. Computer-aided design (CAD) :the use of computers in the design of products

4.1.2. Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM): The use of computers in the manufacturing of products.

4.2. flexible manufacturing:Designing machines to do multiple tasks so that they can produce a variety of products.

4.3. lean manufacturing:The production of goods using less of everything compared to mass production.

4.4. mass customization: Tailoring products to meet the needs of individual customers

4.5. robotics: using robots instead of people

5. To control Manufacturing Processes

5.1. PERT

5.1.1. A method for analyzing the tasks involved in completing a given project, estimating the time needed to complete each task, and identifying the minimum time needed to complete the total project.

5.2. GANTT CHART

5.2.1. Bar graph showing production managers what projects are being worked on and what stage they are in at any given time.

6. Goal