SYSTEM SOFTWARE

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SYSTEM SOFTWARE by Mind Map: SYSTEM SOFTWARE

1. Windows Utilities

1.1. File history

1.1.1. Can create a backup for your hard drive

1.2. Disk clean up

1.2.1. Identifies and eliminates non essential files

1.3. Disk defragmenter

1.3.1. rearranges files and unused disk space to optimize performance

1.3.1.1. Files are organized in tracks and sectors

1.3.1.1.1. Tracks

1.3.1.1.2. Sectors

1.3.1.2. Optimize drives - utility program

1.3.1.3. Rearranges files and unused disk space to optimize operations

1.4. Utility Suites

2. are specialized programs designed to make computing easier and allow user to perform maintenance-type tasks

2.1. Troubleshooting or diagnostic programs

2.1.1. Recognizes and correct problems

2.2. Antivirus programs

2.2.1. Guard your computer against viruses

2.3. Backup programs

2.3.1. Copies of files to restore if necessary

2.4. File compression programs

2.4.1. Reduces the size of files for more efficient storage

3. OPERATING SYSTEM

3.1. Managing computer resources

3.1.1. memory

3.1.2. processing

3.1.3. storage

3.1.4. input/ouput devices

3.2. Providing User Interface

3.2.1. Graphical User Interface – GUI

3.2.1.1. User interact with menus and visual images

3.2.2. Command Line Interface - CLI

3.2.2.1. User uses the keyboard to enter data and instructions

3.3. FUNCTION

3.3.1. Running Applications

3.3.1.1. Load and run applications such as word processors and spreadsheets. Most OS support multitasking – the ability to switch between different applications stored in memory

3.3.1.1.1. Foreground

3.3.1.1.2. Background

3.4. FEATURES

3.4.1. Booting

3.4.1.1. starting or restarting the computer

3.4.1.1.1. warm boot

3.4.1.1.2. cold boot

3.4.2. Icons

3.4.2.1. graphics representations for a program, type of file or function

3.4.3. Pointer

3.4.3.1. controlled by a mouse, trackball or touch screen

3.4.4. Windows

3.4.4.1. rectangular areas for displaying information and running programs

3.4.5. Menus

3.4.5.1. provide a list of options or commands that can be selected

3.4.6. Tabs

3.4.6.1. divide menus into major activity areas such as format and page layout

3.4.7. Dialog boxes

3.4.7.1. typically provide information or request input

3.4.8. Help

3.4.8.1. provide online assistance for operating system functions and procedures

3.4.9. Gesture control

3.4.9.1. ability to control operations with finger movements such as swiping, sliding and pinching

3.5. Files and Folders

3.5.1. Files are used to store data and programs

3.5.2. Folders store related files.

3.6. CATEGORIES

3.6.1. Embedded operating systems

3.6.1.1. Smartphone

3.6.1.2. Smartwatches

3.6.1.3. Video game system

3.6.2. Stand-alone operating systems

3.6.2.1. Dekstop computer

3.6.2.2. Notebook computer

3.6.2.3. Mobile computing devices

3.6.3. Network/Server operating systems

3.6.3.1. Windows

3.6.3.1.1. Windows 8

3.6.3.1.2. Windows 10

3.6.3.2. LINUX

3.6.3.3. UNIX

3.6.3.4. Mac OS

3.6.3.4.1. OS X Mavericks

3.6.3.4.2. OS X Yosemite

3.7. VIRTUALIZATION

3.7.1. Ability to support multiple operating systems on a single physical machine

3.7.1.1. Host operating system

3.7.1.2. Guest operating system

4. APPLICATION SOFTWARE

5. enables the application software to interact with the computer hardware. System software is "background" software that helps the computer manage its own internal resources. System software is not a single program

6. People

7. Hardware

7.1. Smartphone

7.2. Tablet

7.3. Dekstop

8. UTILITIES

9. DEVICE DRIVER

9.1. program that controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.

9.2. provides a software interface to hardware devices such as

9.2.1. Printers

9.2.2. Display

9.2.3. CD-ROM readers

10. LANGUAGE TRANSLATOR

10.1. The instructions is given to the computer in a language which is similar to English and easier to understand The computer translates these instructions into the machine language with the help of language translators

10.1.1. Assembler

10.1.2. Interpreter

10.1.3. Compiler

11. CAREERS IN IT

11.1. Computer Support Specialist or Technical Support Specialist

11.1.1. Provide technical support to customers and other users

11.1.2. Resolve common networking problems and use troubleshooting programs to diagnose problems

12. A LOOK TO THE FUTURE

12.1. Self Healing Computers

12.1.1. Fix software problems

12.1.2. Reroute functions around broken hardware

12.2. IBM’s Automatic Computing Initiative (ACI)

12.2.1. Handles time-consuming maintenance

12.2.2. Self-regulating and virtually invisible

12.3. Self-maintaining servers

12.3.1. Self-repairing

12.3.2. Self-updating

12.3.3. Self-protecting