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2.1 by Mind Map: 2.1

1. HRM

1.1. Strategic approach to effective management of employees

2. HR Planning

2.1. Analyse & forecast

2.1.1. How many employees needed

2.1.2. Skills required

3. Workforce Plan

3.1. Number of employees needed

3.2. Skills required

4. Workforce audit

4.1. Check

4.1.1. Skills

4.1.2. Qualifications

5. Labor turnover

5.1. Rate employees leaving

5.2. (No of employees leaving in a year / Average no of employee) x 100%

5.3. Staff deficiency -> inefficiency Difficult to establish team spirit

5.4. New workers bring in new ideas

6. Demographic changes (influence HR Planning)

6.1. Natural population

6.2. Net migration

6.3. Aging population

7. Labor mobility

7.1. Occupational

7.1.1. Willing & able to change job with different skills

7.1.2. High; low structural unemployment

7.2. Geographical

7.2.1. Willing & able to transfer work to different region

7.2.2. Make cities to become crowded

8. Recruitment

8.1. Internal (within organization) external (out of organization)

8.1.1. Draw job description

8.1.2. Draw person specification

8.1.3. Advertise job

8.1.4. Shortlist applicants

8.1.5. Conduct interviews

9. Training

9.1. On-the-job

9.1.1. Instructions at workplace

9.1.1.1. Cheaper; by supervisor

9.1.1.2. Content 100% controlled by company

9.2. Off-the-job

9.2.1. Training undertaken away from company

9.2.1.1. May be costly

9.2.1.2. May be necessary; new ideas

9.3. Cognitive

9.3.1. Brain exercise

9.3.1.1. Improve ability to understand & learn informations

9.4. Behavioral

9.4.1. Improve ability to communicate & interact

10. Employees Appraisal

10.1. Assess effectiveness

10.1.1. Formative

10.1.1.1. Based on formal & informal assessment

10.1.1.2. Qualitative feedback instead of grade, score

10.1.1.3. Should be a supportive learning process

10.1.2. Summative

10.1.2.1. Evaluate performance referring to predetermined benchmark

10.1.2.2. Outcome may influence pay grade, internal promotion, bonus, etc

10.1.3. 360-degree

10.1.3.1. Feedback from people around the employee

10.1.3.1.1. Assess competency, training & development needs

10.1.4. Self-appraisal

10.1.4.1. Self evaluation

11. Dismissal

11.1. Removal of employees

11.1.1. Incompetency

11.1.2. Discipline problem

11.2. Initiatives must be made first before dismissal

11.3. Unfair dismissal

11.3.1. Due to a reason that law regard as being unfair

12. Redundancies

12.1. When a job is no longer required

12.2. Cut company's budget

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