Formative Assessment

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Formative Assessment by Mind Map: Formative Assessment

1. Assessment Framework used in Assessment for Learning and as Learning

1.1. 3 key processes that teachers and students use collaboratively to support student learning

1.1.1. Establishing where the learners are going in their learning

1.1.2. Establishing where they are in their learning

1.1.3. Establishing what needs to be done to get them where they are going

1.2. 6 strategies that teachers and students use collaboratively to support student learning

1.2.1. Developing learning goals

1.2.2. Identifying success criteria

1.2.3. Eliciting information about student learning

1.2.4. Providing descriptive feedback

1.2.5. Developing student self-assessment and peer-assessment skills

1.2.6. Developing individual goal setting

2. Growing Success, Grade 1 to 12 (Ministry of Education, 2010)

2.1. Formative Assessment

2.1.1. Assessment that takes place during instruction in order to provide direction for improvement for individual students and for adjustment to instructional programs for individual students and for a whole class.

2.1.1.1. Occurs frequently and in an ongoing manner during instruction, while students are still gaining knowledge and practicing skills.

2.1.1.2. Occurs frequency and in an ongoing manner during instruction, with support, modelling, and guidance from the teacher.

2.1.2. The information gathered is used for the specific purpose of helping students improve while they are still gaining knowledge and practicing skills.

2.2. Assessment for Learning

2.2.1. The process of seeking and interpreting evidence for use by learners and their teachers to decide where the learners are in their learning, where they need to go, and how best to get there.

2.2.1.1. Ensure a consistent and continuous school-wide focus on student learning and by using classroom, school, and system data to monitor progress.

2.2.2. The ongoing process of gathering and interpreting evidence about student learning for the purpose of determining where students are in their learning, where they need to go, and how best to get there.

2.2.2.1. Teachers provide students with descriptive feedback and coaching for improvement.

2.3. Assessment as Learning

2.3.1. Teachers engage student by helping to develop their capacity to be independent, autonomous learners who are able to set individual goals, monitor their own progress, determine next steps, and reflect on their thinking and learning.

2.3.1.1. Teachers provide students with descriptive feedback and coaching for improvement.

2.3.2. Focuses on the explicit fostering of students' capacity over time to be their own best assessors, but teachers need to start by presenting and modelling external, structured opportunities for students to assess themselves.

3. Dylan Wiliam

3.1. Formative Assessment: describes processes by which teachers and learners use information about student achievement to make adjustments to students learning that improve their achievement.

3.1.1. Teachers can reflect on their practice and make small steps towards improvement, minute by minute and day by day.

3.2. Formative Assessment: uses information to adapt your teaching and adapt the work of the students to get back on track with learning and proceed in the right direction.

3.2.1. It's only through assessment that teachers can determine if what has been taught has been learned.

3.3. Formative Assessment: Encourages teachers to take constant readings of where their students are. If the students aren't where they should be, then you make adjustments.

3.3.1. Formative Assessment is the bridge between teaching and learning.

4. Personal Understanding of Formative Assessment

4.1. In experiences as a student and teacher candidate, assessment has been both a positive and negative experience due to varying personalities involved in those experiences. The biggest thing I have learned from my associate teacher in term one placement is that assessment is constant, and vital to improve the teaching and learning of both the educators and the students.