Indigenous people in Colombia

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Indigenous people in Colombia by Mind Map: Indigenous people in Colombia

1. some indigenous groups

1.1. Embera

1.1.1. History In pre-Hispanic times the initial territory of the Embera, in the upper channels of the Atrato and San Juan River, was populated by multiple differentiated ethnic groups

1.1.2. Location They are scattered in the departments of Antioquia, Bolívar, Caldas-La Montaña- shelter, Caquetá, Cauca, Chocó, Córdoba, Nariño, Putumayo, Risaralda and Valle del Cauca

1.1.3. Population They have a population of 49,686 people

1.1.4. Culture they retain much of their own thinking, oral tradition and ritual celebration. The figure of Jaibaná stands out within its culture, who works as a traditional doctor and also exercises authority, social control and territorial management

1.1.5. Economy They base their economy on the construction of canoes, corn cultivation, sugar cane, rice, cassava, beans, a variety of bananas, chontaduro, pineapple, avocado, borojo and citrus

1.2. Zenu

1.2.1. History The Colombian Caribbean was the place of forced passage for the inhabitants of South America and during the colonial period, for the multiple ethnic groups that lived in the province of Cartagena.

1.2.2. Location The Senú people are located in the reserves of San Andrés de Sotavento, Córdoba Department and El Volao, in the Urabá Antioqueño

1.2.3. Population The estimated population reaches 34,566 people

1.2.4. Culture Within the current beliefs of the senú, devotion to the saints occupies a preponderant place. San Simón Blanco, San Simón de Ayuda and San Simón de Juego, are the subject of large annual parties in which men disguise themselves as women.

1.2.5. Economy The senú are dedicated to livestock, agriculture and handicraft production. In this last activity they are famous for the elaboration of the hat "voltiao" or "vueltiao"

1.3. Tairona

1.3.1. History Not much is known about the taironas. Lost City, also known as Teyuna or Buritaca-200, was the city founded by this culture in the year 800 and inhabited until 1600.

1.3.2. Location Located north of the Colombian territory, the Tairona culture, in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, comprised the areas of three departments: Cesar, Magdalena and La Guajira.

1.3.3. Population There isn't information

1.3.4. Culture This town did not know the writing and used the wheel and the animals to move. They spoke chibcha and men practiced polygamy and exogamy, that is, they could make love with members of different tribes.

1.3.5. Economy The economy of the taironas was basically agricultural and was characterized by the cultivation of corn, auyama, beans, arracacha or cassava

2. social impact and current situation

2.1. Social impact

2.1.1. Indigenous peoples and nationalities are one of the groups that most suffer the impact of the Colombian internal armed conflict inside and outside the country, facing serious threats to their autonomy, their own government systems, their territory, their ordination processes. nature-culture relations and their cultural identity construction dynamics

2.2. Displacement

2.2.1. : el desplazamiento interno. Según cifras oficiales, aproximadamente el 2% del total de personas desplazadas del país pertenece a alguna etnia indígena. Entre las principales causas de desplazamiento de estas comunidades se encuentran las disputas territoriales entre grupos armados, las amenazas contra la vida y la integridad física, la invasión de los territorios despojados por cultivos legales e ilegales, y el uso de sus territorios para la explotación de recursos como minería e hidrocarburos

2.3. Murdes

2.3.1. According to the National Indigenous Organization of Colombia, in 2010 122 indigenous people were killed, 10 disappeared and 1,146 were forced to move. In this year, the indigenous people who have experienced major and profound effects due to the armed conflict are the Nasa people (Cauca), which reaches a total of 45 indigenous people killed during 2010, followed by the Awá (Nariño and Putumayo) with 25 indigenous people killed

3. other indigenous groups

3.1. Muisca

3.1.1. History In principle, the conquerors subjected the Muisca chieftains to the encomienda system and later, at the end of the 16th century, to the guards

3.1.2. Location They are located in the municipalities of Cota, Chía, Tenjo, Suba, Engativá, Tocancipá, Ganchacipá and Ubaté

3.1.3. Population They are 1,859 people

3.1.4. Culture Unfortunately, the Muisca people experienced a strong acculturation process, reflected in the loss of formal aspects of the culture

3.1.5. Economy Many of them are currently engaged in corn agriculture, livestock and other complementary activities

3.2. Paez

3.2.1. History Some hypotheses about the arrival of the Paez in Tierradentro place their origin in the rainforests. Upon the arrival of the Spaniards they lived dispersed in the territory, organized in partialities by a person.

3.2.2. Location The Páez are located mostly south of the Andes, in the Tierradentro region between the department of Cauca and Huila

3.2.3. Population 138,501 people

3.2.4. Culture The belief system of the Paez is structured in a series of symbols and beliefs of the Catholic and indigenous tradition. Kapish, thunder occupies the most important place in your worldview

3.2.5. Economy The economy is based on agriculture and the possession of sheep herds, with women being in charge of their care

3.3. Wayuu

3.3.1. History So far there is no consensus among researchers about the landscape of the Guajira peninsula in pre-Hispanic times.

3.3.2. Location The Wayú people inhabit the arid peninsula of La Guajira in northern Colombia and northwest Venezuela, over the Caribbean Sea

3.3.3. Population The Wayuú population consists of 144,003 people

3.3.4. Culture The representation system of this people integrates a series of important deities in their mythical universe. The central figure is Maleiwa, creator god of the Wayú and founder of society

3.3.5. Economy They are mainly engaged in the breeding of goats, which links the largest number of people to grazing.