Healthy Physical Development Beginning of Life

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Healthy Physical Development Beginning of Life by Mind Map: Healthy Physical Development Beginning of Life

1. Gene & Chromosome

1.1. Normal

1.2. Abnormalities

1.2.1. Chromosome abnormalities Down syndrome (extra chromosome) Sex-Liinked Chromosomal Abnormalities

1.2.2. Genetic abnormalities Cystic fibrosis, Diabetes, Hemophilia, Phenylketonuria, Huntington's disease, Sickle-cell anemia, Spina bifida, Tay-Sachs disease

2. Prenatal Diagnostic Test

2.1. Ultrasound Sonography

2.1.1. detect many abnormalities

2.2. Brain-Image Technique

2.2.1. diagnose fetal malformation

2.3. Chorionic Villus Sampling

2.3.1. detect genetic&chromosomal abnormalities

2.4. Amniocentesis

2.4.1. detect chromosomal&metabolic disorders

2.5. Maternal Blood Screening

2.5.1. triple screen test (detect spina bifida&Down syndrome)

2.6. Noninvasive Prenatal Diagnosis

2.6.1. detect genetic abnormalities

2.7. Incompatible Blood Types

2.7.1. to check if there is incompatibility between mother&father's blood

3. Newborn Assessments

3.1. The Apgar Scale

3.2. The Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS)

3.3. The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS)

4. Birth Process

4.1. Natural

4.2. Cesarean Delivery

5. Hazard to Prenatal Development

5.1. Drugs

5.1.1. Prescription Drugs (antibiotics, analgesics, asthma medications)

5.1.2. Nonprescription Drugs (diet pills&high doses of aspirin)

5.1.3. Psychoactive Drugs Caffeine Alcohol Nicotine Cocaine, Mariijuana, Heroin, Methamphetamine

5.2. Environmental Hazard

5.2.1. Radiation, toxic waste, chemical pollutants

5.3. Maternal Factors

5.3.1. Maternal disease and infections, nutrition, age, emotional state

5.4. Paternal Factors

5.4.1. Age, Environmental hazard could cause sperm abnormalitites, Parental smoking

6. Prenatal Development

6.1. First Trimester

6.2. Second Trimester

6.3. Third Trimester

7. Maternal Health

7.1. Nutrition intake

7.2. Vitamin supplements

7.2.1. Folic acid, B-Complex vitamins, DHA

7.3. Exercise

8. Age of Pregnancy

8.1. Germinal Period (1-2 weeks)

8.2. Embryonic Period (3-8 weeks)

8.3. Fetal Period (9-36 weeks)

8.4. Full Term (38 weeks)