Another View of The Hermeneutic Circle [1] A "Wheel of Isms"

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1. [2] “Subjectivism.” Subjectivism - By Branch / Doctrine - The Basics of Philosophy,

2. [1] Greater context always influences how we understand a particular part. (p. 26).

3. Scientific objectivism

3.1. The view that science’s empirical method leads to the highest form of knowledge, namely objective truth as defined by scientific experimentation. (p. 117)

4. Fundamentalism

4.1. Simplistic entrenchment in received truths; fearful defense of what has always been. (p. 69)

5. Relativism

5.1. Whatever we hold to be true has no absolute, universal validity but is relative to our personal historical and cultural circumstances. (p. 16)

6. Intuitionism

6.1. The text means whatever a reader wants it to mean. (p. 60)

7. Reductive materialism

7.1. Love is nothing but chemistry, and that morality finally comes down to genetic fine tuning. (p. 119)

8. Moral relativism

8.1. Moral claims are simply cultural conventions that can be changed at any time. (p. 15)

9. Positivism

9.1. The understanding of what a text says based on interpretive principles alone. (p. 60)

9.1.1. Legal The law is the law (p. 102)

9.1.2. Scientific Relies exclusively on established scientific facts for explaining the world. (p. 118)

10. Rationalism

10.1. The reasoning mind constructs a castle of verities, brick by conceptual brick, disconnected from life and other minds. (p. 22)

11. Subjectivism

11.1. The theory that perception (or consciousness) is reality, and that there is no underlying, true reality that exists independent of perception. [2]

12. Textualism

12.1. The interpretation of legal texts, such as statutes and constitutions. Textualists recognize that law cannot be reduced to a system of logical rules. (p. 111)

13. Vitalism

13.1. The view that nature is an intelligent, living organism. (p. 128)

14. Criticism

14.1. Canonical

14.1.1. Affirms the hermeneutic claim that neither authorial intent, nor a text’s meaning for an original audience, is normative; Looks to the communal intent that guided canon formation. (p. 97)

14.2. Form

14.2.1. Determines literary conventions of form and meaning. (p. 94)

14.3. Source

14.3.1. Discerns the socio-historical origin and compilation process of texts. (p. 94)

15. Page Citations: Zimmermann, Jens. Hermeneutics: a Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2015.