Elements of Design

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Elements of Design by Mind Map: Elements of Design

1. Colour

1.1. Very important. We all remember the old days when many materials were in black and white.

2. Images

2.1. Images are really important not just as decoration like here, but as triggers for discussion. They can be treated as texts themselves

2.1.1. Ben Godstein has done alot about image in ELT https://www.slideshare.net/margarubiosoto/the-digital-image-ben-goldstein-elt

2.1.1.1. Criteria for choosing images:

2.1.1.1.1. openness to multiple readings

2.1.1.1.2. opportunity for personalisation

2.1.1.1.3. visual impact

2.1.1.1.4. element of surprise

2.1.1.1.5. cultural associations

3. Audience

3.1. Are they global or local?

3.2. Is it print or digital, and how does this affect the design?

4. User-friendliness

4.1. For the teacher and for the students

4.2. Is it consistent, but not so consistent that it gets dull

4.3. Consistency can be a challenge. You want consistency over a coursebook or online course, yet at the same time you don't want to lose variety. In the real world, things are inconsistent, so it's good to get out of the comfort zone with some variety.

5. Is it up to date and does it have local relevence

6. does the design encourage a feeling of progression?

7. good visual design supports understanding through simplicity, clarity and organisation. Nothing in the design ... distracts fro communication. Vai M and Sosulski K 2011

7.1. good design isn't distracting

8. page layout

8.1. The page layout is important. Is it consistent with other pages? This is important in reducing cognitive load on students. It also needs to be not to crowded, and not too text heavy so students are not demotivated.

8.2. open and uncluttered. The less there is, the more they focus on the one thing

8.2.1. we have unlimited pages in digital. make the most of it

8.2.2. the opportunity lost by increasing the amount of blank space is gained back with enhanced attention on what remains... When there is less we appreciate everything more. Maeda John, Laws of Simplicity 2006, Mit press

8.2.3. put a big gap between paragraphs

8.2.4. wider line spacing. more open

8.2.5. the margins are wider/lines are shorter. ease of reading. more white space

8.2.6. don't justify, have a ragged right margin to avoid irregular word spacing.

8.2.6.1. the danger of a 'river' in which athe eye is drawn down a random white line!

8.2.7. bullet points, indentations and coloured subtitles make long text more readable and less repetitive

8.2.7.1. only use numbering if sequence is important

8.2.8. dividing lines can chunk the information.

8.2.9. Nile courses have the task in green to make it clear what the task is, have the instructions only in it. Easy to say if it's completed or not

9. text

9.1. typefaces

9.1.1. use sans serif font

9.1.2. use min 12 point (small for tablet or phone - 14 or 16 better

9.1.3. headings 24 (powerpoint minimum)

9.1.4. do use bold and italics

9.1.4.1. bold for important

9.1.4.2. italics different things. e.g. book titles

9.1.4.3. don't use underline

9.2. on coloured background or image: make it dark on light or light on dark (not black on white - hard for dyslexia) be careful for colour blindness, diff colours with same hue a problem

9.2.1. Contrast! (but not too much)

9.2.2. warning about writing over images

9.3. symbols and icons

9.3.1. useful for consistency

9.3.2. they are a type of short hand

9.3.3. good to show unit number

9.3.3.1. reading activity

9.3.3.2. pairwork activity

9.3.4. https://thenounproject.com/ a great source

10. graphic elements

11. Navigation and flow. What elements might participants need at any time?

11.1. buttons

11.1.1. buttons for things in the course, links go out

11.1.2. may be needed for:

11.1.2.1. glossary

11.1.2.2. help

11.1.2.3. communications

11.1.2.4. FAQs

11.1.2.5. notes facilty

11.2. Where do they probably need to go next?

11.2.1. link to next activity

11.2.1.1. may say what it will be about

11.3. Where else may they want to go next if not next activity or unit?

11.3.1. unit home

11.3.2. course home

11.4. Mantra: build in as much flexibility as possible

11.4.1. comes down to allowing choice

11.5. What if they want to go away and come back. Can they jump back in?

11.5.1. Thinkific is good for that.

11.6. What if they want to go back to something else?

11.6.1. e.g. revisit forums

11.6.1.1. Nile has nice revisit collaborative activites

11.6.2. open in same page, assumes they've finished and carry on

11.6.3. open in new page: assumes we will carry on with the page we are on.

12. Experts:

12.1. Julie Dirksen

12.1.1. https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/13127519-design-for-how-people-learn

12.2. Vai M and Sosulski K

12.2.1. https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/26407182-essentials-of-online-course-design

12.3. Williams R

12.3.1. the non-designers design book