Ch.9 Perception, Attnetion and Memory in Middle Childhood

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Ch.9 Perception, Attnetion and Memory in Middle Childhood by Mind Map: Ch.9 Perception, Attnetion and Memory in Middle Childhood

1. Perceptual learning

1.1. Ex. classic study by J.J Gibson and E.J Gibson: participants had to identify the cards from the original deck

1.2. ________ processing

1.2.1. stimulus is processed in terms of the large, overall shape

1.3. local processing

1.3.1. attention is directed to _____ shapes

1.4. all age groups were faster in responsonding to : global / local ?

2. Attention

2.1. CENTRAL EXECUTIVE

2.1.1. What are its functions?

2.1.1.1. 1. coordinate performances on two separate tasks

2.1.1.2. 2. ability to use ____________ strategies

2.1.1.3. 3. attend selectively to one and inhibit the other

2.1.1.4. 4. hold and manipulat information in ________________ memory

2.2. attentional networks : has three ______________ attentional networks

2.2.1. alerting network: activates to bring the child into an aroused/alert state when a new stimulus enters environment

2.2.2. orienting network: directs a child's focus toward a particular stimulus

2.2.3. executive network: helps a child inhibit competing responses and maintaining focus on one

3. Memory (long term)

3.1. rehearsal is very doinant in elementary school years and can be seen in older students (ex. you, a college student... its a bunch of plug and chug at this point)

3.2. findings based on research

3.2.1. s_________ p__________ effect

3.2.1.1. words at the beginning and the end of alist are more likely to be recalled/forgotten than words in the middle

3.2.2. recency/primacy effect

3.2.2.1. thought to stem from the fact that the items presented are still in working memory

3.2.3. recency/primacy effect

3.2.3.1. first items are rehearsed more thoroughly than are any other items

3.3. what is important when discussin memory?

3.3.1. 1. how it is encoded 2. how it is retrieved

3.4. Tulving & Thomson 1973 were responsible for the encoding specificity principle

3.4.1. material is first put into LTM, the way it is encoded depends on the context in which the material was learned.

3.4.2. also mentioned that retrieval cues help you recall or recognize stored info.

3.5. event memories

3.5.1. retrospective memory

3.5.2. flashbulb memories

3.5.3. eyewitness

3.5.3.1. can recall some aspects of events they have witnessed, although they are very susceptible to suggestive questioning

3.5.3.2. is it reliable?

3.5.4. childhood amnesia

3.5.4.1. the lack of autobiograohical memories from our infancy / preschool period could have been wiped away because of