-ing & -ed ADJETIVES


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-ing & -ed ADJETIVES by Mind Map: -ing & -ed ADJETIVES

1. When a verb follows another verb, we always need to use the infinitive or the gerund. Normally we use the infinitive after some verbs and the gerund after others. There are also verbs with which we can use the gerund or the infinitive

1.1. EXAMPLE: I can’t afford to buy a new car.

2. We can use the gerund or the infinitive as an object, subject or complement of a sentence, but in general, it is much more common to use the gerund as a subject

2.1. EXAMPLE (OBJETO): I like cooking. / I like to cook

2.2. EXAMPLE (SUJETO): Swimming is good exercise

2.3. EXAMPLE (COMPLEMENTO): The best thing to do when you are sick is to drink a lot of water.

3. With some verbs, when we use the gerund and the infinitive, the meaning changes

3.1. EXAMPLE (GERUNDIO): I forgot writing that email

3.2. EXAMPLE (GERUNDIO): Stop watching the news

3.3. EXAMPLE (INFINITIVO): Stop to watch the news

4. The infinitive is used after adjectives

4.1. EXAMPLE: I’m glad to see you

5. After prepositions we can only use the gerund

5.1. EXAMPLE: He’s good at listening

6. The gerund is used after a few names

6.1. EXAMPLE: What is the advantage of waiting?

7. The gerund is used after some expressions or phrasal verbs

7.1. EXAMPLE: We’re really looking forward to seeing you