The Constitutional Convention of 1787

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The Constitutional Convention of 1787 by Mind Map: The Constitutional Convention of 1787

1. Federalism

1.1. The federal principal or system of government

1.2. Power is divided between the national government and other governmental units

1.3. Federalist

1.3.1. a person who advocates or supports a system of government in which several states unite under a central authority.

1.4. Anti-Federalists

1.4.1. any person who opposes federalism.

2. Bill of Rights

2.1. Provides United States Citizens with explicitly states liberties

2.2. The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution

3. Articles of Confederation

3.1. the original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.

3.2. served as the written document that established the functions of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain.

4. The Great Compromise

4.1. an agreement made between large states and small states regarding how much power states would have under the United States Constitution.

4.2. determine how each of the US states was to be represented in the Congress

5. 3/5 Compromise

5.1. three out of every five slaves as people for this purpose.

5.2. effect was to give the Southern states a third more seats in Congress and a third more electoral votes than if slaves had been ignored, but fewer than if slaves and free people had been counted equally.

6. Virginia Plan-Large State

6.1. large population would have more representatives than smaller states

6.2. Large states supported this plan, while smaller states generally opposed it

7. New Jersey Plan-Small States

7.1. called for each state to have one vote in Congress instead of the number of votes being based on population

7.2. based on a national and state government system with a Separation of Powers consisting of legislative, executive, and judicial branches