PROCEDURAL MEMORY

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PROCEDURAL MEMORY by Mind Map: PROCEDURAL MEMORY

1. Description

1.1. Actions, skills, how to do something

1.1.1. eg. riding a bike

1.1.2. eg. describing how to walk or run

1.2. Recall memories without conscious awareness

1.2.1. hard to describe (or explain) how you do something

1.2.2. Roediger suggest that, through prior learning, we actually resist conscious recollection as we it require no conscious awareness in previous experiences.

1.3. Is automatic through repetition

1.4. Can also be described as the 'Knowing how' memory and it is also referred to as the implicit memory

2. Evaluation

2.1. Clive Wearing & HM

2.1.1. Amnesia

2.1.1.1. Episodic memory is impaired

2.1.1.1.1. Could't remember past

2.1.1.2. Procedural memory is intact

2.1.1.2.1. Could tie shoelaces, walk, speak

2.1.1.2.2. Clive could play the piano

2.2. Brain areas associated with procedural memory

2.2.1. Cerebellum

2.2.1.1. Control of fine motor skills

2.2.2. Motor cortex

2.2.3. Basal ganglia

2.2.4. Limbic system

2.3. Problems with evidence from brain damaged patients

2.3.1. Difficult to be certain which parts of the brain are affected until a patient has died; so not many case study examples

2.3.1.1. Damage to a particular area of the brain may not mean that that area is responsible for a particular behavior- could be acting as a relay station. Malfunctions in the relay station would impair performance.

2.3.1.2. This means we cannot establish a relationship between a particular brain region and procedural memory.