DISTILLATION SYSTEMS

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DISTILLATION SYSTEMS by Mind Map: DISTILLATION SYSTEMS

1. batch distillation

1.1. mixture charged as batch

1.2. is a vessel surmounted by packed/plate column

1.3. distillation carried out till product is achieved

2. steam distillation

2.1. steam introduced into column

2.2. to lower partial pressure of volatile component

2.3. uses

2.3.1. for distillation of heat sensitive product

2.3.2. for component of high boiling point

3. reactive distilation

3.1. is the process where the chemical reaction and product separation are carried out simultaneously in one unit

4. vacuum distilllation

4.1. to distillate components that boil at high temp or suffer thermal degradation

4.2. to reduce the temperature required for distillation

4.3. more expensive than steam distillation