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Acne Vulgaris by Mind Map: Acne Vulgaris

1. Anatomy & Physiology

1.1. Cause

1.1.1. Genetic, race, hormones, age, stress, diet, age

1.1.2. Adherent keratinocytes cause plugging of the follicular duct, followed by accumulation of sebum and keratinous debris

1.1.2.1. Closed or open comodone

1.2. Presentation

1.2.1. Open comedone

1.2.2. Closed comedone

1.2.3. Pustules

1.2.4. Cysts

1.2.5. Nodules

1.2.6. Is it Acne?

2. Treatments

2.1. Laser

2.1.1. Contraindications

2.2. Blue light therapy

2.3. Diet control

2.3.1. Restrict dairy

2.3.2. Reduce gluten intake

2.3.3. Low sugar diet

2.4. Skincare

2.4.1. Ingredients needed for acne

2.4.2. Sensitivity

2.4.3. Topical retinoids

2.4.4. Benzoyl peroxide

2.4.5. AHA's/ BHA's

2.5. Medication

2.5.1. Side effects

2.5.2. Pre commencement bloodwork - LFTs, Renal Function, platelets, FBC, pregnancy test

2.5.3. Application or ingestion of medication

2.5.4. Oral antibiotics

2.6. Hormonal workup

2.6.1. Polycystic ovaries

2.7. Diagnositic skin scraping

3. Social effect

3.1. Anxiety

3.2. Reduced self esteem

3.3. Suicidal ideation

3.4. Won't go out in public

3.5. Embarassment

3.6. Feelings of worthlessness

4. Education

4.1. Educate on treatment options

4.1.1. See Treatments

4.2. Treat with appropriate medications, skincare, laser

4.3. Don't pick the lesions - scaring

4.4. Can they cover with makeup