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Simple past tense by Mind Map: Simple past tense

1. The simple past is used when talking about the following actions

1.1. A completed action that has no connection to the present.

1.2. Repeated actions in the past.

1.3. In stories, stories or when talking about historical events.

1.4. For example

1.4.1. “ Leonardo painted the Mona Lisa” “We went to France for our holidays”. “When I was little I loved playing cards”.

2. The following words indicate that the simple past should be used: "yesterday", "last week / month / year", "ago".

2.1. For example

2.1.1. “I met him a long time ago” “We visited Sue yesterday”. “Last week I saw them at the post office”

3. To ask questions in the past simple, you have to use the word "did"

3.1. You have to put the word "did" at the beginning of the sentence (if there is another word like "what", "where", "why", etc., put "did" behind). Remember that you should not add “-ed” to the verb (for regular verbs) or use the past tense of the verb (for irregular verbs).

3.1.1. For example “Did you work at home yesterday?” “Did you buy a new car last week?”. “Where did they study English?” “Why did he break the window last night?”

4. To form negative sentences, you have to add the adverb "no" after the word "did"

4.1. For example

4.1.1. “I did not work at home yesterday” "I did not buy a new car last week” Or you can use the contraction “didn’t” For example

5. Grammatical Rules

5.1. To form the past simple with regular verbs, we use the infinitive and add the ending "-ed". The form is the same for all people (I, you, he, she, it, we, they).

5.1.1. For example want → wanted learn → learned stay → stayed walk → walked show → showed

5.1.2. Exceptions For verbs that end in an "e", we only add "-d" For example If the verb ends in a short vowel and a consonant (except "y" or "w"), we double the final consonant For example Con verbos que terminan en una consonante y una “y”, se cambia la “y” por una “i” For example

6. Pronunciation

6.1. We pronounce the ending "-ed" differently depending on the letter that goes to the end of the infinitive. In general, the "e" is mute.

6.1.1. With the infinitives ending in "p", "f", "k" or "s" (deaf consonants, except "t") we pronounce the ending "-ed" as a "t" For example looked [lukt] kissed [kisst]

6.1.2. Con los infinitivos que terminan en “b”, “g”, “l”, “m”, “n”, “v”, “z” (consonantes sonoras, excepto “d”) o una vocal, pronunciamos solo la “d” For example yelled [jeld] cleaned [klind]

6.1.3. Con los infinitivos que terminan en “d” o “t”, pronunciamos la “e” como una “i” For example ended [endid] waited [weitid]

7. Structure

7.1. Affirmative Sentences Subject + main verb

7.1.1. - She was a doctor - The keys were in the drawer - I wanted to dance - They learned English - We believed him - I bought a blue car

7.2. Negative Sentences To be: Subject + "to be" + "not"

7.2.1. - She wasn’t a doctor - The keys weren’t in the drawer.

7.3. Interrogative Sentences To be: “To be” + sujeto…?

7.3.1. Was she a doctor? Were the keys in the drawer?

8. Examples of sentences in past simple

8.1. - I wrote a note for you, didn’t you see it? - Paul didn’t study for the exam - We were best friends during the school - Did you see the new building in the centre? - They didn’t believe him - It rained all night