Opioid Analgesics

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Opioid Analgesics by Mind Map: Opioid Analgesics

1. Check for allergies

2. General use

2.1. A group of drug that act on the central nervous system.

3. Action and information

3.1. Opioid bind to opiate receptors in the CNS where they act as agonists of endogenously occurring opioid peptides.

4. Precaution

4.1. Use cautiously in patient with undiagnosied abdominal pain, head trauma, history of addiction to opioid and liver disease.

5. Interaction

5.1. Ativan with opioid analgesics will cause increase depression

5.2. Narcan ( overdose) -Stop other medication from working

5.3. Increase the CNS depressant properties of other drugs including alcohol, antihistamines, and antidepressants.

6. Nurse Assessment

6.1. Monitor respiratory

6.2. Assess type, location, and pain scale (0-10)

6.3. Assess full vital sign

6.4. Monitor intake and output

7. Example of opioid analgesics

7.1. Morphine

7.2. Methadone

7.3. Codeine

7.4. Oxycodone

8. Reason why taking

8.1. Opioid are used to treat moderate to severe pain

8.2. Opioid use to treat coughing and diarrhea

9. Patient and family education

9.1. Instruct patient on how and when to ask for pain medication.

9.2. Adequate understanding of safe storage, and disposal to prevent adverse drugs events in patients and others.

10. Side Effects

10.1. Side effects administration including sedation, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, constipation, tolerance and respiratory depression.