Frameworks in Action: SAMR and TPACK By: Emma Ryan

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Frameworks in Action: SAMR and TPACK By: Emma Ryan by Mind Map: Frameworks in Action: SAMR and TPACK By: Emma Ryan


1.1. What is the SAMR Model?

1.2. Created by Dr. Ruben Puentedura, SAMR is an acronym that stands for Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition. These four elements represent the levels of classroom technology integration.

1.2.1. Transformation Substitution: Technology serves as a direct substitute- no functional change Augmentation: Technology serves as a direct substitute - functional improvement

1.2.2. Enhancement Modification: Technology allows for great task redesign Redefinition: Technology allows for the creation of new tasks - not before possible

1.3. How to use the SAMR Model?

1.3.1. If you use a technology at the substitution level, simply replacing an old technology, setting the stage, but does not impact student outcomes. Augmentation tier, using technology to enhance how students are carrying out tasks before. Making the task being completed in a more efficient way. Modifying tasks so that students complete tasks with new goals - for example: critiquing the written work their classmates using a shared file. Redefinition level would encompass replacing all tasks that are uniquely made possible with the technology. Instead of writing an essay, instead making digital storytelling, mentors to other students - allowing them to become leaders.

1.3.2. What is the SAMR Model and what does it look like in schools?


2.1. What is the TPACK Model?

2.2. Growing from Shulman’s idea of Pedagogical Content Knowledge, the TPACK Model is a framework that highlights the relationship between three forms of knowledge: content, pedagogy and technology.

2.2.1. Technological Knowledge of how to use technology. For example: mapping using Excel, creating and sharing files using Office 365, etc.

2.2.2. Pedagogical Knowledge of how to teach topics to students. For example: utilizing technology to facilitate student centered learning, and whole group discussions and lessons.

2.2.3. Content Knowledge about the subjects being taught according to the curriculum. For example, evaluating and communicating the impacts of causes and consequences in Social Studies.

2.3. How to use the TPACK Model?

2.3.1. Teaching with technology adds a new layer of knowledge. Combining what teachers know, what they teach, and the integration of technology.. TPACK reminds us as educators to design our lessons starting with content and pedagogy, and only then work in technology. We need to keep learning goals at our forefront before choosing to integrate a new technology.

2.3.2. What is the TPACK Model?