FIGURES OF SPEECH

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FIGURES OF SPEECH by Mind Map: FIGURES OF SPEECH

1. Hyperbole, derived from a Greek word meaning “over-casting,” is a figure of speech that involves an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis. Example: Your suitcase weighs a ton! She is as heavy as an elephant! I am dying of shame.

2. Assonance takes place when two or more words, close to one another repeat the same vowel sound, but start with different consonant sounds. Example: “Men sell the wedding bells.” The engineer held the steering to steer the vehicle

3. Alliteration is derived from Latin’s “Latira”. It means “letters of alphabet”. It is a stylistic device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series Example: But a better butter makes a batter better. A big bully beats a baby boy.

4. Personification is a figure of speech in which a thing – an idea or an animal – is given human attributes. Example: Look at my car. She is a beauty, isn’t she? The wind whispered through dry grass.

5. Imagery means to use figurative language to represent objects, actions, and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses. Example: It was dark and dim in the forest. The words “dark” and “dim” are visual images. The children were screaming and shouting in the fields. “Screaming” and “shouting” appeal to our sense of hearing, or auditory sense.

6. Allusion is a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance. Example: Don’t act like a Romeo in front of her.” – “Romeo” is a reference to Shakespeare’s Romeo, a passionate lover of Juliet, in “Romeo and Juliet”.