Climate Change: Causes and Effects

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Climate Change: Causes and Effects by Mind Map: Climate Change: Causes and Effects

1. Since 1906, the global average surface temperature has increased by more than 0.9 degrees

1.1. It's melting glaciers, polar ice caps, sea ice, shifting precipitation paterns

2. Climate change encompasses not only rising average temperatures but also extreme weather events, shifting wildlife populations, and a range of other impacts. It's still rising as humans continue to add heat-trapping greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.

3. Global sea levels are rising 0.13 inches (3.2 millimeters) a year, and the rise is occurring at a faster rate in recent years.

4. Vanishing ice has challenged species such as the Adélie penguin in Antarctica. Some butterflies, foxes, and alpine plants have migrated farther north to cooler areas

5. Effects

5.1. Sea levels are expected to rise between 10 and 32 inches (26 and 82 centimeters) or higher by the end of the century

5.2. Less freshwater will be available, since glaciers store about three-quarters of the world's freshwater

5.3. Hurricanes and other storms are likely to become stronger. Floods and droughts will become more common.

5.4. Some species will move farther north or become more successful; others, such as polar bears, won’t be able to adapt and could become extinct.

5.5. Precipitation (rain and snowfall) has increased across the globe, on average.

6. References: 1-Global Warming Effects 2 - https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/