Source of law

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Source of law by Mind Map: Source of law

1. Definition

1.1. 1)Natural school

1.1.1. A) Ulpine

1.1.2. B) Cicro

1.1.3. C) Justinian digest

1.1.4. D) Salmond

1.1.5. E) Vinogradoff

1.2. 2) Positivistic definition

1.2.1. A) jhon austin

1.2.2. B) kelson

1.2.2.1. -- grund norm

1.3. 3) historical definition

1.3.1. A) savigny

1.3.1.1. --volkgeist theory

1.3.2. B) sir henry maine

1.4. 4) sociological definition

1.4.1. A) Duguit

1.4.1.1. --social solidarity

1.4.2. B) Iering

1.4.3. C) Roscoe pound

1.4.3.1. --social engineering

1.5. 5) Realist definition

1.5.1. A) Holmes

1.5.2. B) cordozo

2. Sources of Indian law

2.1. 1) principal source of Indian law

2.1.1. A) custom or customary law

2.1.1.1. Classification of custom

2.1.1.1.1. 1) custom without sanctions

2.1.1.1.2. 2) custom with sanction

2.1.1.2. Ingredients of valid custom

2.1.1.2.1. 1) immemorial or antiquity

2.1.1.2.2. 2) certainty

2.1.1.2.3. 3) reasonableness

2.1.1.2.4. 4) Confrimity with law and public moral

2.1.1.2.5. 5) Binding

2.1.1.2.6. 6) peaceful enjoyment

2.1.1.2.7. 7) continuity

2.1.2. B) judicial decision or precedents

2.1.2.1. 1) Court

2.1.2.1.1. A) high court {Article 225}

2.1.2.1.2. B) supreme court {Article 141}

2.1.2.2. 2) kinds of precedents

2.1.2.2.1. A) declaratory precedents

2.1.2.2.2. B) original precedents

2.1.2.2.3. C) persuasive precedents

2.1.2.2.4. D) authoritative precedents

2.1.2.3. 3) principles of judicial precedents

2.1.2.3.1. A) stare decisis

2.1.2.3.2. B) ratio decidendi

2.1.2.3.3. 3) obitar dicta

2.1.3. C) statute or legislation

2.1.3.1. A) supreme legislation

2.1.3.2. B) subordinate or delegated legislation

2.1.4. D) Personal law

2.1.4.1. A) Hindu

2.1.4.1.1. 1) shruti ( includes 4 vedas)

2.1.4.1.2. 2) smriti

2.1.4.2. B) muslims

2.1.4.2.1. 1) koran

2.1.4.2.2. 2) hadis

2.1.4.2.3. 3) ijmas

2.1.4.2.4. 4) kiyas

2.2. 2) Secondary source bof Indian law

2.2.1. A) equity, justice and good conscience

2.2.2. B) source of English law

2.2.2.1. 1) common law

2.2.2.2. 2) law of merchant

2.2.2.2.1. A) Mercantile or commercial law---------

2.2.2.3. 3) principle of equity

2.2.2.4. 4) statue of law

3. Jurisprudence

4. Legal theory