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Seizures by Mind Map: Seizures

1. Treatment

1.1. antiseizure medication

1.2. keto & low carb diet

1.3. surgery

2. Diagnosis

2.1. health history

2.2. physical exam

2.3. blood and urine tests

2.4. EEG

2.5. CSF exam

3. Clinical Presentation

3.1. prodromo

3.1.1. anxiety

3.1.2. depression

3.1.3. inability to think clearly

3.2. ictus

3.2.1. relaxation of urinary and bowel sphincters

3.3. status epiliticus

3.3.1. seizures lasting 5 minutes or rapidly recurring seizures

3.4. positcal state

3.4.1. headache

3.4.2. confusion

3.4.3. dysphagia

3.4.4. memory loss

3.4.5. paralysis

3.4.6. deep sleep

4. Pathophysiology

4.1. neurons act in synchrony during transfer of information

4.2. EEG detects interictal spikes - paroxysmal depolarizing shift

5. Risk Factors

5.1. head trauma

5.2. family history

5.3. stroke

5.4. seizures in childhood

5.5. brain infection

6. Epidemiology

6.1. 50 million people worldwide live with epilepsy

6.2. 80% live in low-middle class

6.3. familial history

6.4. 3/4 of people do not get the treatment the need

6.5. many people living in low income counties suffer from discrimination