🍷🤰 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

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🍷🤰 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome by Mind Map: 🍷🤰 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

1. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

1.1. ☂️ Umbrella term describes range of effects that can occur in an individual prenatally exposed to alcohol

1.2. FAS = most severe end of the spectrum

2. Overview

2.1. FAS = condition caused by prenatal alcohol exposure

2.2. effects include brain damage and growth problems

3. Symptoms

3.1. severity varies from child to child

3.2. Physical

3.2.1. Distinctive facial features

3.2.2. Small head circumference and brain size

3.2.3. Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers

3.2.4. Slow physical growth before and after birth

3.2.5. Vision difficulties or hearing problems

3.2.6. Heart defects and problems with kidneys and bones

3.3. Social & Behavioral

3.3.1. Difficulty in school

3.3.2. Trouble getting along with others

3.3.3. Poor social skills

3.3.4. Trouble adapting to change or switching from one task to another

3.3.5. Problems with behavior and impulse control

3.3.6. Poor concept of time

3.3.7. Problems staying on task

3.3.8. Difficulty planning or working toward a goal

3.4. Brain & CNS

3.4.1. Poor coordination or balance

3.4.2. Intellectual disability, learning disorders and delayed development

3.4.3. Poor memory

3.4.4. Trouble with attention and with processing information

3.4.5. Difficulty with reasoning and problem-solving

3.4.6. Difficulty identifying consequences of choices

3.4.7. Poor judgment skills

3.4.8. Jitteriness or hyperactivity

3.4.9. Rapidly changing moods

4. Causes & Risk Factors

4.1. Drinking while pregnant

4.1.1. Alcohol enters bloodstream, crosses placenta

4.1.2. Fetus: slower alcohol metabolism = higher blood alcohol concentration

4.1.3. Interferes with delivery of optimal nutrition and oxygen to developing baby

4.2. More alcohol = greater risk to baby

4.3. There is NO known safe amount of alcohol consumption during pregnancy

5. Complications (secondary disabilities)

5.1. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

5.2. Aggression, inappropriate social conduct, and breaking rules and laws

5.3. Alcohol or drug misuse

5.4. Mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety or eating disorders

5.5. Problems staying in or completing school

5.6. Problems with independent living and with employment

5.7. Inappropriate sexual behaviors

5.8. Early death by accident, homicide or suicide

6. Prevention

6.1. Don't drink while pregnant!

7. Diagnosis

7.1. Requires expertise & thorough assessment

7.2. Doctor watches for...

7.2.1. signs and symptoms of FAS during early weeks, months and years of child's life

7.2.2. Cognitive ability and learning and language development difficulties

7.2.3. Health issues

7.2.4. Social and behavioral problems

7.3. If FAS suspected, doctor may refer child to specialist for evaluation

8. Treatment

8.1. early intervention can help ⬇️ behavioral problems and learning difficulties

8.2. No cure for FAS; effects are irreversible and last a lifetime

8.3. Intervention services include...

8.3.1. Special education teacher, a speech therapist, physical and occupational therapists, and a psychologist

8.3.2. Early intervention to help with walking, talking and social skills

8.3.3. Special services in school to help with learning and behavioral issues

8.3.4. Medications to help with some symptoms

8.3.5. Medical care for health problems, such as vision problems or heart abnormalities

8.3.6. Addressing alcohol and other substance use problems, if needed

8.3.7. Vocational and life skills training

8.3.8. Counseling to benefit parents and the family in dealing with a child's behavioral problems