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Registered Nurse by Mind Map: Registered Nurse

1. Digestive System & Chemical Components of Food

1.1. The 6 Nutrients

1.1.1. Caarbohydrates Source of energy Monosaccharides Polysaccharides Disaccharides

1.1.2. Proteins Repair and Maintain the cell amino acids

1.1.3. Fats Lipids Saturated Fatty Acids single bonds Unsaturated Fatty Acids double bonds

1.1.4. Vitamins A, B, C, D

1.1.5. Minerals Most are elements

1.1.6. Water

1.2. Digestive Tract

1.2.1. Shows what organs are involved

1.2.2. Stomach, Small & Large intestine etc.

1.3. Digestive System

1.3.1. Breaks food down chemically and physically

2. Pathogens & Diseases

2.1. Viruses

2.1.1. Smaller than bacteria

2.1.2. Attaches itself to cell and goes through stages AIDS Herpes Chickenpox

2.2. Bacteria

2.2.1. Bacterial infections Streptococcus Staphylococcus E. Coli

2.3. Influenza

2.3.1. Flu Pandemic Highly contagious infect cells deep in lungs Vaccines are not effective

2.3.2. Cold comes on gradually feels tired, sneezing, coughing and runny nose lasts 3-4 days causes by viruses and antibiotics

2.3.3. Flu comes on suddenly feel weak and tired muscle and joints ache

3. Public Health

3.1. Smoking

3.1.1. Tobacco Direct and Indirect health effects Second hand smoke

3.1.2. Marijuana THC Psychoactive CBD Non-psychoactive

3.1.3. Health effects shortness of breath coughing and spitting up mucus mouth and throat cancer

3.2. Climate Change

3.2.1. Warmer Temperatures more heat waves can cause heat strokes, heat exhaustion, heat cramps poor air quality smog, dust, fire-fine particles, asthma and heart attacks

3.2.2. More extreme weather events Indirect health effects injury or death due to flooding, tornadoes etc. Direct health effects stress due to losing home, uv radiation etc.

3.2.3. Changing precipitation patterns more concentrated precipitation more flooding, mudslides, erosion psychological stress contaminated food and water barriers to health services and medication

3.2.4. Rising Sea level contaminated water, new diseases and more mold

4. Med Tech

4.1. Biomedical Repair

4.1.1. Prosthetics artificial extension that replaces a missing body part artificial heart valves artificial hearts and lungs artificial eyes

4.1.2. Biomechatronics using mechanical devices with human muscle. skeleton and nervous systems enhance motor control lost by trauma, diseases or defect

4.1.3. Biosensors detect what the user wants

4.1.4. Controller sensing the limbs position and force

4.2. Artificial Organs

4.2.1. Man-made device implanted into a human to replace a neutral organ Brain Pacemaker sends electrical impulses to brain Artificial valves used for esophageal cancer, reflux diseases Artificial pacemaker electrical device that helps to keep the heart contractions regular Artificial ear cochlear implants to help with hearing or cosmetic repair

4.3. Cosmetic Surgery

4.3.1. skin grafts

4.3.2. can be reconstructive to correct functional impairments caused by injuries

4.3.3. can also be used for cosmetic purposes and cause enhancement

4.4. Transplants

4.4.1. offered to people who are in end-stage organ failure

4.4.2. Donors Deceased Living

5. Biotechnology

5.1. Recombinant DNA

5.1.1. joining together of DNA molecules from two different species

5.2. Plasmid Cloning

5.2.1. makes many identical copies of a piece of DNA

5.3. Animal Cloning

5.3.1. allows livestock breeders to create an exact genetic copy of an existing animal

5.4. Gel Electrophoresis

5.4.1. separates charged molecules, like DNA according to size

5.5. Polymerase Chain Reaction

5.5.1. used in molecular biology to make several copies of a specific DNA segment

5.6. DNA Sequencing

5.6.1. process of determining the nucleic acid sequence -the order of nucleotides in DNA

6. Nurses should know this in order to understand patients well enough so they can help them