Wildfires (Forest Fires)

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Wildfires (Forest Fires) by Mind Map: Wildfires (Forest Fires)

1. What is it?

1.1. An uncontrollable fire that spreads rapidly across bushland and forests, during warm to hot climates like California, and Australia.

1.1.1. Major Causes

1.1.1.1. Natural

1.1.1.1.1. Natural wildfires are either started by lightning or sawdust and dry leaves. Several people may believe wildfires are caused naturally, but a majority of them are not. Though natural wildfires are rare, they are the type of fire that can burn for hours before firefighting authorities take notice.

1.1.1.2. Man-made

1.1.1.2.1. The majority of wildfires are human-caused especially those that happen in forests. These fires can be created by cigarettes, campfires, machine equipment, etc. Human-caused fires are easier to stop and control because the person who caused it can contact the authorities.

1.1.2. Major Effects

1.1.2.1. Nature: ccording to scientists, they can't tell the true harm of wildfires but they are convinced that the fires are a benefactor in ecosystems flourishing. For instance, in the photo shown above, the forest is completely burnt to ash. One way this benefits the ecosystem is having patches of clearings, that allow the predators of the food-chain to hunt. Though this helps the ecosystem, the fires don't always help the trees. The burning of trees may create a new baseline for better trees but it'll take several decades for it to be at the same potential it was beforehand. On the other side, the effects of the burnt trees create extra carbon dioxide which is let into the air. Since there are no trees to take in this chemical, it begins to harm the earth more and the organisms inside of it.

1.1.2.1.1. How Wildfires Can Affect Climate Change (and Vice Versa)

1.1.2.2. It's complicated to tell whether the effects of wildfires are dangerous or not. Several scientists believe that these fires are good for ecosystems but can be life-threatening for humans.

1.1.2.2.1. Humans: When wildfires occur they can be extremely dangerous to humans in the area and nearby. There's a long list of health hazards directed towards humans especially to children and older adults. For instance, the chemicals produced from the fumes can cause short term issues like irritation to the eyes, throat, and sinuses. The fumes have the possibility of giving people headaches and stress to the heart. This is why the state encourages citizens to evacuate their homes.

2. What to do in this type of situation?

2.1. Steps for people to take when there's a wildfire:

2.1.1. 1. Listen for the instruction from authorities if there's a wildfire nearby.

2.1.2. 2. If you see a fire, then make sure you report because this could get to a better cause.

2.1.3. 3. Make sure to shut off all gas- this is extremely important so, that it doesn't cause any explosions.

2.1.3.1. There are many other steps you should follow in case of a wildfire, visit: Chubb: What to Do When a Wildfire Approaches, for more information.

2.1.4. The Only Way to Get Out of a Wildfire

2.1.5. Other tips for when you're being effected by the wildfire is: go downhill when there's a wildfire because heat rises so, the fire is going to go uphill. Make sure to go perpendicular from the wind so, you have a chance to out beat the fire rather than going with the fire.

2.1.5.1. How to Survive a WILDFIRE - 5 Tips

2.2. What firefighters and first responders do in this situation?

2.2.1. Firefighters in this situation mostly known as forest fighters, they have different groups to fight the fire. Hotshots, a group of 20 people, who are on the ground trying to prevent the fire from spreading any further. Smoke-jumpers are those people who jump out of a plane to get to fires in a remote area. Lastly, air tankers are those people who drop water and fire retardant to keep the fire from spreading and to stop it. Besides firefighters other first-responders are helping those people who are in a dangerous situation or injured.

2.2.1.1. How Wildfires Work

2.3. If you're in the the type of situation where you have to clean up ash, it's important to clean it up correctly because smoke and ash can cause hazards to people nearby. You must always wear a mask to keep fumes from getting into your face. It's important not to use a leaf blower because you can blow the ashes, smoke,and fumes into people's faces causing problems in the respiratory system.

2.3.1. Safe Ash Clean-Up During and After a Fire

3. The Aftermath

3.1. Wildfires don't only disrupt ecosystems but the living of people. These fires burn down people's home, living them without anywhere to go. The smoke from the fires also cause health problems for anyone especially young children and older adults.

3.2. If the areas are moist and humid then there's room for the seeds to fall from trees and into the debris. Enabling it to form new beginnings.

3.2.1. What Happens After a Wildfire Sweeps Through a Forest?

3.3. Since the majority of areas that wildfires occur are extremely dry and contain droughts, the restoration for trees are stressful and sometimes impossible.

3.4. Be careful when returning home because there are still areas that could potentially be hot and catch fire. Make sure to check in with a firefighter and others to see if it's safe to return to the ruins.

3.4.1. Safe Ash Clean-Up During and After a Fire