Instructional Design Model: Cognitive Apprenticeship

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Instructional Design Model: Cognitive Apprenticeship by Mind Map: Instructional Design Model: Cognitive Apprenticeship

1. 3 Theoretical Perspectives

1.1. Developmental

1.1.1. Jean Piaget

1.1.2. Theory of Cognitive Development (constructivism)

1.1.3. Meaning from experience

1.2. Socio-Cultural

1.2.1. Len Vygotsky

1.2.2. Zone of Proximal Development

1.2.3. Led to Situated Learning: cognition developed through social interaction

1.2.4. Jerome Bruner

1.2.5. Instructional Scaffolding

1.2.5.1. learning is an active process

1.3. Learning Theory

1.3.1. Albert Bandura

1.3.2. Bobo Doll Experiments

1.3.3. Social Learning Theory: People learn from observation, imitation and modeling

2. How Students Learn

2.1. Collins, Brown, Newman

2.2. Necessary Characteristics of Learner

2.2.1. Attentive to Process

2.2.2. Access to Information

2.2.3. Retention of Information

2.2.4. Motivation to Learn

2.2.5. Ability to Reproduce Desired Skill

2.3. 6 Key Components

2.3.1. modeling

2.3.2. coaching

2.3.3. scaffolding

2.3.4. articulation

2.3.5. reflection

2.3.6. exploration

3. Teacher's Role

3.1. Coaching in authentic environment

3.2. Modeling

3.3. Feedback

3.4. Reminders

3.5. Analyze and Assess "in the moment"

4. Goal

4.1. Knowledge

4.1.1. Content

4.1.2. Domain

4.2. Strategies

4.2.1. Heuristic

4.2.2. Control

4.2.3. Learning

5. Reflection

5.1. Solid Model

5.2. Information Age

5.3. Distance Learning

5.4. Adult Learners

6. Brought to Life in Classroom

6.1. Exploration

6.1.1. teaching exploration strategies

6.1.2. independent student problem solving

6.2. Scaffolding

6.2.1. manipulatives

6.2.2. group work

6.2.3. activiites

6.3. Articulation

6.3.1. inquiry

6.3.2. thinking aloud

6.4. Reflection

7. Definition

7.1. IS: learning though guided experiences on cognitive and metacognitive processes

7.2. NOT: focused on physical processes, as in traditional apprenticeships

8. Additional Readings

8.1. Institute on Education and the Economy

8.2. YouTube video showing the Bobo doll experiments (link isn't here because it hangs up)