Adult Education

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Adult Education by Mind Map: Adult Education

1. Adults need to understand the purpose of what they are learning.

1.1. Instructional designers should ensure that the adult learners know why what they are learning is relevant to them. For instance, when teaching an orientation class for nurses, I use case studies to help the learners understand how the material relates to their job.

2. Malcolm Knowles created the Theory of Andragogy.

2.1. Andragogy refers to teaching adults and pedagogy refers to teaching children. A big difference between andragogy and pedagogy is that adults bring previous life experiences to a learning situation.

3. Adults come to each learning situation with a plethora of life experiences.

3.1. We should consider adults' prior experiences/knowledge when designing instruction.

4. Adult education can take place in the workplace or in the higher education setting.

4.1. For example, in the hospital setting, there are continuous education needs for the staff. There is not only new employee orientation, but also any time there is a new policy or procedure, education must be created. Usually, the most convenient way to educate is through e-learning. Also, many nurses are going back to college to earn either a BSN, MSN, or DNP. Many colleges now offer online learning to cater to the scheduling needs of adult learners.

5. Adult learning should be problem-centered.

5.1. When teaching adults, we should provide opportunities for the learners to use the content to solve problems that they will face in reality.

6. Adults are self-directed learners.

6.1. We should provide adults with opportunities to discover topics/information independently. For instance, in the nursing documentation class that I teach, I provide the learners with instruction and then give them several opportunities to complete hands-on activities that allow them to explore the documentation system.