Community psychology

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Community psychology by Mind Map: Community psychology

1. What is it?

1.1. Community Psychology known as CP, concerns the relationships of the individual to communities and society.

2. Characteristics

2.1. Emphasises a level of analysis and intervention

2.2. Works with those people marginalised by the social system

2.3. Pragmatic and reflexive

2.4. Participatory work and creation of alliances

2.5. Seeks for a social change

3. Objective

3.1. Seek to understand and to enhance quality of life for individuals, communities, and society.

3.2. Takes into account how people feel, think, experience, and act as they work together, resisting oppression and struggling to create a better world.

4. What does it different from traditional psychology?

4.1. CP is the study of people in context.

4.2. Analyse the person within multiple social systems, ranging from micro-systems to macro-sociopolitical structures.

4.3. Focus on the strengths of people and communities

4.3.1. DOES NOT focus on individual or community ‘deficits’ or problems

4.4. Prevention and early intervention

4.5. Competence and well-being through self-help, community development and social and political action.

4.6. Active participation,choice and self-determination of the participants.

4.7. Consider social ethics and values that promote social change.

4.7.1. NOT ONLY individual ethics

5. History

5.1. United states

5.1.1. 1890-1914

5.1.1.1. Imigration, industrialization, urbanization and poverty problems

5.1.1.2. Social programs

5.1.2. 1920 (Aftermath of the WWI)

5.1.2.1. Shift in the ideology of social services

5.1.2.2. From social change to individual change

5.1.2.3. Inequiality

5.1.2.3.1. IQ tests were imported and people with low IQ scores were seen as inferior and unworthy.

5.1.2.4. Mental health problems

5.1.3. Aftermath of World War II

5.1.3.1. Mental health issues

5.1.3.1.1. Veterans of the war returned home with mental health problems

5.1.3.2. Nationwide program of Community Mental Health Centres (CMHCs)

5.1.3.3. Clinical psychology

5.1.3.3.1. Grew rapidly and emerged as a major sub-discipline of psychology

5.1.4. 1960

5.1.4.1. CP was created

5.1.4.2. social and political change

5.1.4.3. social movements in the United States

5.1.4.4. time of change, hope and acknowledgement

5.1.5. 1965-1967

5.1.5.1. CP became a Division 27 of the American Psychological Association

5.1.5.2. Creation of innovative program approaches and in social action regarding broader issues of social injustice

5.2. Canada

5.2.1. Emerged in the early 1980´s

5.2.2. Leadership of William Line

5.2.2.1. resist the status quo and work for social responsibility

5.2.3. influenced by US CP

5.2.4. emphasis on social intervention and social justice

5.2.5. participatory, action-oriented and qualitative approaches to research

5.3. Australia and New Zealand

5.3.1. CP emerged in the earlys 1980's

5.3.2. interest in social justice issues in CP

5.3.2.1. Feminism

5.3.2.2. Peace

5.3.2.3. Indigenous

5.3.3. Diversity and social issues

5.3.4. Focus on colonization of aboriginal people

5.4. South Africa

5.4.1. Apartheid

5.4.2. Critique of the individual-centered approach of mainstream psychology

5.4.3. Racism

5.4.4. radical and political edge

5.4.5. mental health issues and health promotion/prevention (HIV/AIDS)

5.5. Africa and Asia

5.5.1. Solidarity

5.5.2. Poverty

5.5.3. Malnutrition

5.5.4. Deseases

5.6. Latin America

5.6.1. education approach developed by Brazilian Paulo Freire (1970)

5.6.1.1. Education

5.6.1.1.1. highly participatory and action-oriented process

5.6.1.1.2. concepts of conscientization

5.6.1.1.3. praxis

5.6.2. Transdisciplinary nature

5.6.3. Repressive dictatorships

5.6.4. Link between CP and political causes

6. Reference: Nelson, G., & Prilleltensky, I. (2010). Community Psychology. In Pursuit of liberation and well being. Lebanon: Palgrave Macmillan. (Chapter 1)

7. Created by Natalia Ávila.