U. S Government

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U. S Government by Mind Map: U. S Government

1. Judicial Branch

1.1. Article III

1.2. Qualifications:

1.2.1. At least 30

1.2.2. Citizen for 15 years

1.2.3. Licensed to practice law

1.2.4. Qualified voter

1.3. How a Supreme Court member is selected:

1.3.1. Nominated by President

1.3.2. Approved by senate

1.4. Number of justices:

1.4.1. 9

1.5. Term length:

1.5.1. Life sentences

1.6. Powers:

1.6.1. Judicial review

2. Legislative Branch

2.1. Article I

2.2. Congress

2.2.1. House of Representatives Age: at least 25 Citizenship: for at least 7 years Residency requirements: lives in the state they represent Number of them: 435 Term length: 2 years and up for re-election every evening year

2.2.2. Senate Age: at least 30 Citizenship: for at least 9 years Residency requirements: lives in the state they represent Number of them: 100 Term length: 6 year terms and 1/3 is re-elected at a time

2.3. Powers:

2.3.1. Taxing and spending power

2.3.2. Power to borrow

2.3.3. Power to coin money and regulate the value

2.3.4. Commerce power

2.3.5. Foreign policy powers

2.3.6. Naturalization powers

2.3.7. Powers to pass that govern federal property

2.3.8. Power to grant copyrights and patents

2.3.9. Power to establish post offices and federal courts

3. Executive Branch

3.1. Article II

3.2. Qualifications:

3.2.1. At least 35

3.2.2. Lived in the United States for the past 14 years

3.2.3. Natural born citizen of the United States

3.3. Term length:

3.3.1. 2, 4 year terms

3.4. Powers:

3.4.1. Inherent Powers Powers claimed by the president that are not expressed in the Constitution

3.4.2. Checks and balances Branches check each other

3.4.3. Executive Privilege Right to withhold information from Congress and the courts about communications between the president and his advisors

3.5. President roles:

3.5.1. Head of state

3.5.2. Chief executive

3.5.3. Chief executive

3.5.4. Commander in Chief

3.5.5. Chief diplomat

3.5.6. Legislative leader

3.5.7. Economic planner and party leader

3.6. Number of Executive Departments:

3.6.1. 15 departments

3.7. Names of Executive Departments:

3.7.1. U.S Department of Agriculture

3.7.2. U.S Department of Commerce

3.7.3. U.S Department of Defense

3.7.4. U.S Department of Education

3.7.5. U.S Department of Energy

3.7.6. U.S Department of Health and Human Services

3.7.7. U.S Department of Homeland Security

3.7.8. U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development

3.7.9. U.S Department of Justice

3.7.10. U.S Department of Labor

3.7.11. U.S Department of State

3.7.12. U.S Department of the Interior

3.7.13. U.S Department of the Treasury

3.7.14. U.S Department of Transportation

3.7.15. U.S Department of Veterans Affairs

4. Ten Amendments

4.1. I: Religion and Expression2

4.1.1. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

4.2. II: Bearing Arms

4.2.1. A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

4.3. III: Quartering Soldiers

4.3.1. No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

4.4. IV: Search and Seizure

4.4.1. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

4.5. V: Rights of Persons

4.5.1. No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law or shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

4.6. VI: Rights of Accused in Criminal Prosecutions

4.6.1. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district where the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him. To have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.

4.7. VII: Civil Trials

4.7.1. In Suits at common law the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

4.8. VIII: Further Guarantees in Criminal Cases

4.8.1. Excessive bail shall not be required or excessive fines imposed or cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

4.9. IX: Unenumerated Rights

4.9.1. The enumeration in the Constitution shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

4.10. X: Reserved Powers

4.10.1. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution,or prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, and to the people.