Branches of government

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Branches of government by Mind Map: Branches of government

1. Tenth amendment

1.1. Balance between states and government make sure no one is more powerful.

2. Ninth amendment

2.1. Even though the rights may not be listed in the constitution doesn’t give you the right to violate them.

3. Eighth amendment

3.1. Punishment must be fair to all people and not be cruel.

4. Seventh amendment

4.1. protects the right to a trial by jury in civil court cases.

5. Sixth amendment

5.1. Guarantees a speedy trail and a fair trail and a right to a attorney.

6. Fifth amendment

6.1. that protects you from being held for committing a crime unless you have been indicted correctly by the police.

7. Third amendment

7.1. In times of peace no soldiers should be sent into homes without owners consent.

8. First amendment

8.1. The first amendment tell you your rights as a human being like practice of religion and speech.

9. Second amendment

9.1. This allows people to have weapons the right to bare arms

10. Forth amendment

10.1. People things must be safe you can’t search things without a warrant or a reason.

11. Legislative branch

11.1. The two chambers of Congress

11.1.1. House of Representatives

11.1.1.1. Must be at least 25 must be a U.S citizen for at least 7 years must be a resident in the state they want to represent

11.1.1.1.1. There are 435 representatives in Congress.

11.1.2. Senate

11.1.2.1. Requires you must be 30 years of age must be a citizen for at least 9 years must be a resident in the state you’re trying to represent.

11.1.2.1.1. Currently 100 senators in congress.

11.2. The legislative branch powers are makes all laws, declares war, regulates interstate and foreign commerce and controls taxing and spending policies. They can also veto a law of the president if both houses agree.

11.3. House of Representatives serve 2 year terms.

11.3.1. Senate serves up to 6 years and can go for reelection only about 1/3 is up for re-election at a time.

11.4. Implied powers- are not stated in the constitution.

11.5. Elastic clause- the ability to pass laws that are necessary and proper at the time.

11.6. Expressed powers- are stated in the constitution.

11.7. Enumerated powers are powers stated in the article I theses are your rights as a U.S citizen.

12. Executive branch

12.1. To become president you’re required to be a natural born citizen be a resident of the U.S for 14 years at least and be 35 years of age or older.

12.1.1. This applies to becoming Vice President as well they have the same requirements

12.2. The term limit for the president is two 4 year terms a total of 8 years.

12.3. The powers of the executive branch are Being able to veto, or reject, a proposal for a law. Appoint federal posts, such as members of government agencies. Negotiate foreign treaties with other countries. Appoint federal judges. Grant pardons, or forgiveness, for a crime.

12.4. The role of the president is to set a good example for our country be responsible and able to make educated decisions on world problems.

12.5. There are a total of 15 executive departments

12.5.1. United States Department of the Treasury, United States Department of Commerce, Department of Defense, Department of Justice, United States Department of Veterans Affairs, United States Department of Energy, United States Department of the Interior, United States Department of Homeland Security, Department of Transportation, Department of Education, Health and Human Services, Department of State, Department of Agriculture, Department of Labor, United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, United States Department of Commerce and Labor.

13. Judicial branch

13.1. There is no qualifications to becoming Part of the supreme court

13.2. You get selected by appointment from the president when there is a vacancy and the supreme court has to approve of the appointment

13.3. Currently 9 justices but in total throughout history there has been 102.

13.4. The head justice is called the Chief Justice he has the most power is appointed by President with advice from senate.

13.5. Justices do not have a term they just serve until they die or retire on average they serve 16 years.

13.6. Supreme court ruling can not be over turned and they have the power to overturn a law that is unconstitutional.