Us federal government

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Us federal government by Mind Map: Us federal government

1. Judicial

1.1. Article 3

1.2. Qualifications: There are no explicit requirements in the U.S. Constitution

1.3. How members are selected: Presidential Nomination. Step 2: Special Review Step 3: The Senate Votes Step 4: Taking a Seat

1.4. 9 Supreme Court justices

1.5. Name for head justice: Chief justice

1.6. They serve until they retire/ die or get impeached

1.7. Powers: judicial review, or the ability of the Court to declare a Legislative or Executive act in violation of the Constitution.

2. Legislative

2.1. Congress

2.1.1. House of Representatives

2.1.1.1. Have to be at least 25, have been a citizen the past 7 years, inhabitant of the state they represent.

2.1.1.2. 435 members

2.1.1.3. revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an electoral college tie

2.1.1.4. two-year terms and are considered for reelection every even year.

2.1.2. Senate

2.1.2.1. Have to be at least 30, have been a us citizen for 9 years, residency in the state a senator represents at time of election.

2.1.2.2. 100 members total, 2 in each state

2.2. Article 1

2.3. The implied/ Elastic clause: allows the breaches powers not necessarily stated in the conditions and are powers that are deemed necessary and proper

2.4. Expressed/ Enumerated : are powers directly mentioned

3. Executive

3.1. Article 2

3.2. President requirements: must be a natural born citizen of the United States, a resident for 14 years, and 35 years of age or older.

3.3. President term limit: two times for a total of eight years.

3.4. Vice-president requirements: be a natural-born U.S. citizen; be at least 35 years old; be a resident in the U.S. for at least 14 years.

3.4.1. Term limit: four-year term

3.5. Power: Being able to veto, or reject, a proposal for a law. Appoint federal posts, such as members of government agencies. Negotiate foreign treaties with other countries. Appoint federal judges. Grant pardons, or forgiveness, for a crime

3.6. Roles of president: chief of state, chief executive,chief administrator, chief diplomat, commander in chief, chief legislator,party chief, and chief citizen.

3.7. Executive department:15

3.7.1. Names: the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs

4. 10 amendments

4.1. The First Amendment: protects several basic freedoms in the United States including freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, the right to assemble, and the right to petition the government.

4.2. The Second Amendment: A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.

4.3. The Third Amendment: places restrictions on the quartering of soldiers in private homes without the owner's consent, forbidding the practice in peacetime.

4.4. the Fourth Amendment: prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and requires any search warrant to be judicially sanctioned and supported by probable cause.

4.5. Fifth Amendment: that no person be required to testify against himself or herself in a criminal case and that no person be subjected to a second trial for an offense for which he or she has been duly tried previously.

4.6. the Sixth Amendment: rights are to insure that a person gets a fair trial including a speedy and public trial, an impartial jury, a notice of accusation, a confrontation of witnesses, and the right to a lawyer.

4.7. the Seventh Amendment: Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law

4.8. The eight amendment: Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.”

4.9. The ninth amendment: retained by the people, that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution.

4.10. The Tenth Amendment: that any power not specifically given to the federal government by the Constitution belongs to the States and the people.