US Federal Government

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US Federal Government by Mind Map: US Federal Government

1. Judicial Branch

1.1. There are no explicit requirements in the U.S. Constitution for a person to be nominated to become a Supreme Court justice.

1.2. The President nominates someone for a vacancy on the Court and the Senate votes to confirm the nominee, which requires a simple majority.

1.3. There is 9 justices.

1.4. Chief Justice

1.5. He serves until he dies.

1.6. The Supreme Court functions as a last resort tribunal. Its rulings cannot be appealed. It also decides on cases dealing with the interpretation of the constitution.

2. Executive Branch

2.1. President: must be a natural born citizen of the United States, a resident for 14 years, and 35 years of age or older. Same for the Vice President as well.

2.2. President: four-year term, with a term limit of two years (totaling eight terms) and Vice President is the same.

2.3. Powers are being able to veto, or reject, a proposal for a law. Appoint federal posts, such as members of government agencies. Negotiate foreign treaties with other countries. Appoint federal judges. Grant pardons, or forgiveness, for a crime.

2.4. (1) chief of state, (2) chief executive, (3) chief administrator, (4) chief diplomat, (5) commander in chief, (6) chief legislator, (7) party chief, and (8) chief citizen.

2.5. There are 15 and the names are Department of State, Department of Agriculture, United States Department of Justice, United States Department of Energy, United States Department of the Treasury, United States Department of Defense, Department Of Commerce, United States Department of Homeland Security, United States Department of the Interior, United States Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Transportation, Department of Education, Department of Labor, United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, Health and Human Services, United States Department of the Air Force, United States Department of Commerce and Labor, United States Secretary of Agriculture, and United States Department of Health and Human Services.

3. Legislative Branch

3.1. 1. The House of Representative and the Senate

3.2. Number of Senators is 100 and number of House of Reps is 435

3.3. House of Rep: must be 25 yrs old, must be a citizen of the U.S. for the past seven years, and be an inhabitant of the state they represent. Senate: must be 30 yrs old, must be a citizen of the U.S. for nine years before being elected, and must reside in the State they will represent at the time of the election.

3.4. The legislative branch makes all laws, declares war, regulates interstate and foreign commerce and controls taxing and spending policies.

3.5. House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are considered for reelection every even year. Senators serve six-year terms and elections to the Senate are staggered over even year so that only about 1/3 of the Senate is up for reelection during any election.

3.6. Implied: political powers granted to the United States government that aren't explicitly stated in the Constitution. Elastic: A clause within the United States Constitution that grants Congress the power to pass whatever laws are deemed necessary and proper to help Congress to carry out the enumerated powers. Expressed: They are sometimes called delegated powers or enumerated powers. Since the Framers envisioned the Congress as the most powerful branch, its powers are most clearly expressed in Article I, Section 8. Enumerated: specific powers granted to Congress by the United States Constitution.