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US Goverment by Mind Map: US Goverment

1. Executive Branch Article II

1.1. Powers

1.1.1. The power of the Executive Branch is vested in the President of the United States, who also acts as head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.

1.2. Departments (15)

1.2.1. the Secretaries of Agriculture,

1.2.2. Commerce

1.2.3. Defense

1.2.4. Education

1.2.5. Energy

1.2.6. Health and Human Services

1.2.7. Homeland Security

1.2.8. Housing and Urban Development

1.2.9. Interior

1.2.10. Labor

1.2.11. State

1.2.12. Transportation

1.2.13. Treasury

1.2.14. Veterans Affairs

1.2.15. as well as the Attorney General

1.3. President

1.3.1. The President is responsible for implementing and enforcing the laws written by Congress and, to that end, appoints the heads of the federal agencies, including the Cabinet.

1.3.1.1. Qualifications

1.3.1.1.1. must be a natural born citizen of the United States

1.3.1.1.2. a resident for 14 years

1.3.1.1.3. 35 years of age or older

1.4. Vice President

1.4.1. The Vice President is also part of the Executive Branch, ready to assume the Presidency should the need arise.

1.4.1.1. Qualifications

1.4.1.1.1. Must be a natural born US citizen

1.4.1.1.2. A resident for 14 years

1.4.1.1.3. 35 years of age or older

2. Judicial Branch Article III

2.1. Supreme court

2.1.1. Powers

2.1.1.1. judicial review, or the ability of the Court to declare a Legislative or Executive act in violation of the Constitution

2.1.2. Qualifications

2.1.2.1. Must be 30 years old or older

2.1.2.2. Appointed by the president

2.1.2.3. Approved by the senate

2.1.3. Membership

2.1.3.1. Must be chosen by the president and appoved by the senate

2.2. Justices

2.2.1. Members

2.2.1.1. There are 9 members

2.2.2. Title of the Head Justice

2.2.2.1. Attorney General

2.2.3. How long can they serve?

2.2.3.1. A lifetime or until retirement

3. Legislative Branch Article I

3.1. The powers

3.1.1. the legislative branch makes all laws, declares war, regulates interstate and foreign commerce and controls taxing and spending policies.

3.1.1.1. Implied powers

3.1.1.1.1. those powers that are “necessary and proper” for Congress to be able to fulfill its duties. The express powers, on the other hand, include Congress' abilities under the Constitution, such as the power to: Regulate interstate commerce. Declare war.

3.1.1.2. Elastic Clause

3.1.1.2.1. A clause within the United States Constitution that grants Congress the power to pass whatever laws are deemed “necessary and proper” to help Congress to carry out the enumerated powers.

3.1.1.3. Expressed powers

3.1.1.3.1. Expressed powers are those specifically named in the Constitution. They are sometimes called delegated powers or enumerated powers. Since the Framers envisioned the Congress as the most powerful branch, its powers are most clearly expressed in Article I

3.1.1.4. Enumerated powers

3.1.1.4.1. Congress may exercise the powers that the Constitution grants it, subject to the individual rights listed in the Bill of Rights.

3.2. House of Representatives

3.2.1. New Topic

3.2.2. 25 years old

3.2.3. Had been a citizen of the US for the past 7 years

3.2.3.1. 435 Representatives

3.2.3.1.1. 2 year terms

3.3. Senate

3.3.1. Must be 30 years old

3.3.2. US Citizen for the past 9 years

3.3.3. Must live in the state in which they are running for

3.3.3.1. 100 senates (2 for each state)

3.3.3.1.1. 6 year terms

4. 10 amendments

4.1. 1. to express ideas through speech and the press, to assemble or gather with a group to protest or for other reasons, and to ask the government to fix problems. It also protects the right to religious beliefs and practices. It prevents the government from creating or favoring a religion.

4.2. 2. The Second Amendment protects the right to keep and bear arms.

4.3. 3. The Third Amendment prevents government from forcing homeowners to allow soldiers to use their homes. Before the Revolutionary War, laws gave British soldiers the right to take over private homes.

4.4. 4. The Fourth Amendment bars the government from unreasonable search and seizure of an individual or their private property.

4.5. 5 The Fifth Amendment provides several protections for people accused of crimes. It states that serious criminal charges must be started by a grand jury. A person cannot be tried twice for the same offense (double jeopardy) or have property taken away without just compensation. People have the right against self-incrimination and cannot be imprisoned without due process of law (fair procedures and trials.).

4.6. 6. The Sixth Amendment provides additional protections to people accused of crimes, such as the right to a speedy and public trial, trial by an impartial jury in criminal cases, and to be informed of criminal charges. Witnesses must face the accused, and the accused is allowed his or her own witnesses and to be represented by a lawyer.

4.7. 7. The Seventh Amendment extends the right to a jury trial in Federal civil cases.

4.8. 8. The Eighth Amendment bars excessive bail and fines and cruel and unusual punishment.

4.9. 9. The Ninth Amendment states that listing specific rights in the Constitution does not mean that people do not have other rights that have not been spelled out.

4.10. 10. The Tenth Amendment says that the Federal Government only has those powers delegated in the Constitution. If it isn’t listed, it belongs to the states or to the people.