Piaget vs Vygotsky By Lindsey Alcorn

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Piaget vs Vygotsky By Lindsey Alcorn by Mind Map: Piaget vs Vygotsky By Lindsey Alcorn

1. Fun Fact: Both scientist were born the same year, but Vygotsky died early from tuberculosis (Myers pp 134).

2. Piaget's theory has four stages with age guide lines of what children should developmentally be at:

2.1. Birth - 2 y/o: This is the sensory stage when children develop by senses and actions (Myers pp 134).

2.1.1. Example: Letting young children get their hands dirty with shaving cream.

2.2. 2 - 6 y/o: In this stage children start thinking and using the words logically (Myers pp 134).

2.2.1. Example: Children will start pretending when they are playing. They will pretend t cook food, or take care of a doll like a real baby.

2.3. 7-11 y/o: In this stage children start putting ideas together to understand the bigger picture (Myers pp 134)

2.3.1. Example: Learning how to do more complex math problems like the concept of fractions are started in this stage.

2.4. 12 y/o - Adulthood: Conceptual ideas start taking over in this stage (Myers pp 134).

2.4.1. Example: Children start to understand there are consequences for their actions like if they do not study they will not do well on a test.

3. Vygotsky's theory is a child's brain develops with the interaction of others (Myers pp 134)

4. Piaget theory is a child's brain develops with their physical environment (Myers pp 134)

5. Vygotsky's theory had a viewpoint that children were continuing to learn different life skills all the time, and could be at different place for different skills. He referred this to zones, unlike Piaget who used stages (Orlich 25).

5.1. Example: One child could be walking but not talking, and another child could be talking but not walking. They would be in different zones for different development skills.

6. Real Life: The project is for the 5th grade students to make a solar oven out of provided materials to make s'mores.

6.1. Piaget's Theory: Student's will be given the tools they need to complete their project. They will all be given the same instructions and time. This activity will help them visualize their ideas into the big picture.

6.2. Vygotskyy's Theory: Students will be given step by step instructions to complete this projects. We will have several adults in the room to help guide the children in making a successful solar oven.

7. REFERENCES:

7.1. Orilich, D.C., Harder, R.J., Trevisan, M.S., Brown, A.H., & Miller D.E. (2018). Teaching Strategies: A Guide to Effective Instruction: Eleventh Edition.Boston: Cengage Learning

7.2. Myers, D.G. & DeWall, C.N. (2016). Exploring Psychology. New York, NY: Worth Publishers