radiography evaluation

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radiography evaluation by Mind Map: radiography evaluation

1. background

1.1. devasting lesion

1.2. missed injuries from 4%-30%.

1.2.1. odontoid, teardrop, facet and hangman's fractures

2. biomechanical&anatomi

2.1. upper cervical site

2.1.1. C0, C1, C2 : rotasi, flexi, extensi

2.2. subaxial cervical site

2.2.1. C3-C7 : mobile-rigid

2.3. stability : 3 column by deni

2.3.1. anterior column

2.3.2. media column

2.3.3. posterior column

3. clinical decision

3.1. NEXUS

3.2. Canadian Cervical Spine

3.3. excluding cervical injury

4. modality imaging

4.1. adult

4.1.1. plain x ray

4.1.1.1. lateral

4.1.1.1.1. Alignment

4.1.1.1.2. Processes spinosus

4.1.1.1.3. Spinal canal

4.1.1.1.4. Predental space

4.1.1.1.5. Retropharingeal space

4.1.1.1.6. Craniovertebral realtionship

4.1.1.2. anteroposterior

4.1.1.2.1. C3-T2

4.1.1.2.2. Space of pedicle and diskus intervertebralis

4.1.1.3. odontoid

4.1.1.3.1. Dens

4.1.1.3.2. C2 body

4.1.1.3.3. Lateral mass

4.1.1.3.4. Processes tranversus

4.1.1.3.5. Atlantoaxial joint

4.1.1.4. additional

4.1.1.4.1. swimmer

4.1.1.4.2. pillar

4.1.1.4.3. oblique

4.1.2. MDCT

4.1.2.1. high sensitivity and spesifity

4.1.3. MRI

4.1.3.1. soft tissue injury, ligament,spinal cord, diskus intervertebralis

4.1.4. CT angiografi

4.1.4.1. vaskular injury

4.2. pediatric

4.2.1. plain X ray

4.2.1.1. lateral

4.2.1.1.1. pseudosubloxation varian

4.2.1.2. anteroposterior

4.2.2. MDCT

4.2.2.1. limited cause radiation

4.2.3. MRI

4.2.3.1. ligament

5. Classification

5.1. Flexi

5.2. Extensi

5.3. Rotasi

5.4. Combine

5.5. Comoression