Government of the USA

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Government of the USA by Mind Map: Government of the USA

1. The President can veto a bill, and then it takes a 2/3 vote of congress to override a Presidential veto.

2. Life: people want to survive and give the will to fight

2.1. State of Nature: living without laws or any government

2.1.1. John Locke (1632-1704 CE)

3. Gives Congress power to esablish post offices

4. The Constitution is the “rule book” for our government

4.1. The Constitution was preceded by The Articles of Confederation

4.2. The Articles of Confederation did not give the US Government enough power to do it’s job

5. The President may deploy troops for a short time period. But he or she cannot declare war.

5.1. congress can declare war

6. Is there only one judge at the Court of Appeals?

7. 50 states

7.1. Example: NE has 2 senators

7.1.1. can give ideas for laws and laws for their state

7.2. 100 senators total

7.2.1. Senators are elected by their states and serve six-year terms

7.2.1.1. Wyoming 2008 Pop: 563,626= 1 Rep= 2 Senators

7.2.1.2. they serve for 6 years

7.3. A state is... a body of people, living in a defined space, with the power to make and enforce laws, and an organization to do this

8. requirements to be President are outlined in Article II of the Constitution.

8.1. be born in the USA

9. states have two senators

10. House of Rep.

10.1. Republican and Democratic parties

10.1.1. example: California has many more representatives than Rhode Island

10.1.1.1. California 2008 Pop: 36,756,666= 53 Reps= 2 Senates

10.2. works with the senate with laws

10.3. to make sure things are going how there supposed to

10.4. The House comprises 435 members who are elected to two-year terms

10.4.1. number of representatives each state gets is based on its population

10.4.1.1. The Speaker of the House, elected by the representatives, is considered the head of the House.

10.5. a member of the House must be at least twenty-five years of age and a U.S. citizen for seven years before his or her election.

10.5.1. Representatives are elected by their states and serve two-year terms

10.5.2. they serve 2 years

11. Senate!

12. Executive Branch

12.1. carrying out of laws

12.1.1. can sign a bill which make it a law

12.1.1.1. if signed its a law

12.1.1.1.1. it will be a federal law if it dose with all people

12.2. President and his cabinet

12.2.1. Treasury

12.2.1.1. makes the money

12.2.2. Military

12.2.2.1. the military is made of the Navy, Marines, Air Force, and the Army

12.2.3. Health Serv.

12.2.4. Homeland Protection Serv.

12.2.5. Education Serv.

12.2.6. Agr. Serv.

12.3. U.S Foreign Policy...

12.3.1. ...is this country's actions, words, and befiefs towards other countries

12.3.2. Goals: protect America and Americans, support ecnomic growth and human rights around the world, increase support for American values like democracy and freedom

12.3.3. The President and the Executive brach initiate our foreign policy responses to world events and work with the Legislative branch to carry out those responses

12.4. Foreign Aid...

12.4.1. ... is the help or assistance that we give to other countries, usually through our Department of State and Health Serv.

12.4.2. Goals: economic (like money), military (soldiers helping after a disaster), advice ( like how to create a democracy), and the main goal is to create friendships abroad and foster futuer trading partners

12.5. Treaties...

12.5.1. ... are a formal agreement between countries that, (like laws) that must be followed

12.5.2. The President is responsible for negotiating and signing treaties. All treaties must be approved by 2/3's of the Senate.

13. Judaical Branch

13.1. interpret the laws

13.1.1. courts of appeals

13.1.1.1. jury trial, bench trial

13.1.1.2. appellate courts

13.1.1.2.1. District Courts

13.1.1.3. Always sits En Banc

13.1.2. The Supreme Court

13.1.2.1. can pick the court cases it wants to hear

13.1.2.1.1. they also can affirm, reverse, and remand the court case

13.1.2.1.2. Affirm- the trial court's decision, letting it stand

13.1.2.1.3. Remand- the case back to the trial court to start over

13.1.2.2. judicial review

13.1.2.3. there are 9 US Supreme Court Justices

13.1.2.4. New node

13.1.3. Civil- relating to the rights of citizens

13.1.3.1. Criminal- relating to crime

13.1.3.1.1. oral argument

13.1.3.2. Will the Court of Appeals hold a trial all over again?

13.2. Made up of the Courts

13.2.1. there are many kinds of courts

13.3. 2 types of court systems

13.3.1. State Courts and Federal Courts

14. How it got started

14.1. Constitution

14.2. we wanted our own freedom

14.2.1. made your on laws, government, and other things that we needed to do

14.2.1.1. Mangna Carta

14.2.1.1.1. When was it written? a: 1215

14.2.1.1.2. Who wrote it? a: The Nobles

14.2.1.1.3. This is a: Agreement between individuals

14.2.1.1.4. What was the purpose of this document? a: To limit the Kings power

14.2.1.2. Mayflower Compact

14.2.1.2.1. When was it written? a: 1620

14.2.1.2.2. Who wrote it? a: Puritans

14.2.1.2.3. This is a: Government and an Agreement between individuals

14.2.1.2.4. What was the purpose of this document? a: To set up a fast government.

14.2.1.3. English Bill of Rights

14.2.1.3.1. When was it written? a: 1689

14.2.1.3.2. Who wrote it? a: Parliament and the people

14.2.1.3.3. This is a: Government Document

14.2.1.3.4. What was the purpose of this document? a: To expand rights, and to limit the king

14.3. war with the British

14.3.1. signed a treaty with the colonists

14.4. won the war

14.4.1. The New World was called The USA

14.4.2. opened a new life to us

15. Limitations of Government

15.1. Executive Branch

15.2. Legislative Branch

15.3. Judaical Branch

15.4. powers are equal to keep peace and so they don't over power each other

15.4.1. have diff. jobs to do

16. Legislative Branch

16.1. legislative branch is made up of the two houses of Congress—the Senate and the House of Representatives

16.1.1. 100 senators in the Senate, two from each state

16.1.2. 435 representatives in the House of Representatives

16.1.3. The Speaker of the House, elected by the representatives, is considered the head of the House.

16.2. laws get sent to the President to be sign or vetoed

16.2.1. The Power of Congress...

16.2.1.1. Congress is limited by what the Constitution says

16.2.1.2. Congress can: collect taxes, raise money to pay debts, to defend, and to provide for the general welfare of the U.S.

16.2.1.3. Also control commerce (business) that happens across state lines, with foreign countries, and with Indian tribes, make laws about immigration, bank debt, post offices, declare war, and raise and support armies.

16.3. making the laws

17. The U.S. Constitution

17.1. Part 1: Preamble, Part 2: Natural Rights, Part 3: Grievances, Part 4: Resolution of Independence

17.2. Liberty: people want to be as free as possible to make their own decisions about how to live

18. Other Facts about the U.S Gov.

18.1. Unalienable rights: rights that cannot be taken away

18.2. Pursuit of Happiness: trying to find joy and contentment

18.3. Natural rights: rights people are born with

18.4. Consent of the Govered: Permission of those under the Government's rule

18.5. Just Powers: Powers that are fair

18.6. Self-evident: can be seen just by looking at it