The Romans Create a Republic

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The Romans Create a Republic by Mind Map: The Romans Create a Republic

1. The beginnings of Rome

1.1. The city was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus.

1.2. They were skilled metal workers and engineers.

1.3. Romans borrowed religious ideas from both the Greeks and the Etruscans.

1.3.1. adopted Ertuscan rituals that they believed helped them to win the favor of the gods.

2. The Early Republic

2.1. The last king of ROme was Tarquin the Proud. He was driven from power in 509 B.C.

2.1.1. Wealthy landowners who resented the Etruscan kings, overthrew him. The roman declared they would never agin be ruled by a king.

2.2. Patricians and Plebeians

2.2.1. In the earlyrepublic, different groups of Romans struggled for power

2.2.2. The patricians inherited their power and social status.

2.3. Twelve Tables

2.3.1. The laws were carved on twelve tablets, or tables, and hung in the Forum.

2.4. Government Under The Republic

2.4.1. The Romans had two officials called consuls. Like kings, they commanded the army and directed the government.

2.4.2. Their power was limited.

2.5. The Roman Army

2.5.1. All citzens who owned land were required to serve the army

2.5.2. Ten years of military service were reuired

3. Rome Spreads its Power

3.1. Rome conquers Italy

3.1.1. Roman power grew slowly but steadily as the legious battled for control of the Italian peninsula.

3.1.2. rome had different laws and treatment for different parts of its conuered territory.

3.2. Rome's Commercial Network

3.2.1. Rome's location gave it easy access to the riches of the lands ringing the Mediterranean.

3.3. War with Carthage

3.3.1. In 264 B.C., Rome and Carthage went to war.

3.3.2. Hannibal assembled an army of 50,000 infantry, 9,000 cavalry, and 60 elephants with the intent of capturing Rome.

3.4. Rome Controls the Mediterranean

3.4.1. Rome's victories in the Punic Wars gave it domination over the western Mediterranean.