Grammar unit 4-7

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Grammar unit 4-7 by Mind Map: Grammar unit 4-7

1. Simple present

1.1. use

1.1.1. To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes

1.1.2. To give instructions or directions

1.1.3. To express fixed arrangements, present or future

1.1.4. To express future time, after some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until

1.2. Form

1.2.1. (+) S+V(base form)+obj.

1.2.2. (-) S+do/does+not+V(base form)+obj.

1.2.3. (?) Do/Does+S+V(base form)+obj?

1.3. Note

1.3.1. when we use with third person

1.3.1.1. verb ending with "ss,s,sh,ch,x"

1.3.1.1.1. add

1.3.1.2. verb ending with"y"

1.3.1.2.1. Change

1.3.1.3. another verbs

1.3.1.3.1. add

2. Present continuous

2.1. Describe the actotion happen now

2.2. form

2.2.1. (+) S+to be+V(base form)+ing+(obj)

2.2.2. (-) S+to be+not+V(base form)+ing+(obj)

2.2.3. To be+S+v+ing+(onj)?

3. Quantifiers

3.1. All

3.2. Nearly all

3.3. Most

3.4. Many

3.5. A lot of

3.6. Some

3.7. Not many

3.8. Few

3.9. No one

4. Would; verb + to + verb

4.1. Form

4.1.1. (+) S+would like to+ (obj).

4.1.2. (-) S+would+not+ like to+ (obj).

4.1.3. (?) Would + S + like to + verb(base form) + (obj) ?

5. Adverbs of frequency

5.1. Always

5.2. Almost always

5.3. Usually

5.4. Often

5.5. Sometimes

5.6. Hardly ever

5.7. Almost never

5.8. Never

6. Question with how; short answers

6.1. Form

6.1.1. How often + do/does + S + (obj)?

6.1.2. How long + do/does + S + (obj)?

6.1.3. How well + do/does + S + (obj)?

6.1.4. How good + to be + S + (obj)?

7. Simple past

7.1. Form

7.1.1. (+) S + Verb + d, ed, ied or irregular form (V2) + (obj).

7.1.2. (-) S + didn’t + verb in the base form + (obj).

7.1.3. (?) Did + verb in base form + (obj)?

8. Past of be

8.1. Form

8.1.1. Subject + TO BE ( was/were ) + (obj).

8.1.2. Subject + TO BE ( was/were ) + NOT + (obj).

8.1.3. TO BE ( was/were ) + Subject + (obj)?