Leadership Mind Map

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Leadership Mind Map by Mind Map: Leadership Mind Map

1. Great Man Theory

1.1. Born with innate qualities and instincts to lead

1.2. Up until the twentieth century leaders were viewed as male, military or royalty

2. Trait Theories

2.1. Charismatic Leader

2.1.1. Leader who has the ability to inspire and motivate

2.1.2. Charismatic and transformational leaders provide dollowers and inspiring vision

2.2. Successful leaders share 5 Common Traits

2.2.1. The Big 5 personality traits include: Surgency, Agreeableness, Adjustment, Conscientiosness and Openess

2.3. Two Major Theories Proposed by David McClelland

2.3.1. 1. Achievement Motivation Theory

2.3.1.1. attempts to explain and predict behavior and performance based on a person's need for achievement, power and affiliation

2.3.2. 2. Leader Motive Profile Theory

2.3.2.1. attempts to explain and predict leadership success based on a person's need for achievement

3. Behavioral Theories

3.1. Suggest that leaders can be made, rather than are born

3.2. Don't focus on what traits the leader possess but more so what they do

3.2.1. According to University of Iowa there are two leadership styles.

3.2.1.1. autocratic

3.2.1.2. democratic

3.2.2. University of Michigan suggests that there are two leadership styles different from Iowa

3.2.2.1. job/ industry focused

3.2.2.2. employee centered

3.3. Major Theories include the following

3.3.1. Motivation

3.3.1.1. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

3.3.1.1.1. Self-Actualization, Esteem, Love, Safety, Biological and physiological; Serve as a foundations for several psychological, emotional intelligence and spirituality theories that have been empirically tested.

3.3.1.2. Leader-Member Exchange Theory

3.3.1.3. Management by Exception Passive and Follower Motivation: The more leaders engaged in management by exception passive behaviors, the lower the followers' motivation.

3.3.1.4. Laissez-Faire and Satisfaction with the Leader: The overall corrected correlation found a strong, negative correlation. The more leaders engaged in laissez-faire behaviors the lower the followers satisfaction with their leaders.

3.3.2. Situational Leadership

3.3.2.1. Leadership specific to the situation or time frame.

4. Power and Influence

4.1. Power is about achieving influence over others.

4.1.1. Sources of Power

4.1.1.1. Position Power

4.1.1.2. Personal Power

4.1.2. Types of Power

4.1.2.1. Legitimate Power

4.1.2.2. Reward Power

4.1.2.3. Coercive power

4.1.2.4. information power

4.1.2.5. expert power

4.1.2.5.1. Power that results from leaders special knowledge or skill in the tasks performed by subordinates

4.1.2.6. referent power

4.1.2.6.1. Characteristics that command subordinates

5. Leaders and Followers

5.1. Servant Leadership

5.1.1. The leader see's him/her self in service to support their followers.

5.2. Transactional Theory

5.2.1. Realational importance to both leader and follower, usually defined as mutual benefiting

5.3. Transformational Theory

5.3.1. Change is the focus, to better performance of relationship of leader and follower