Burns Injury

Burns Injury

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Burns Injury by Mind Map: Burns Injury

1. Classification

1.1. First degree

1.1.1. Superficial

1.2. Second degree

1.2.1. Partial thickness

1.3. Third degree

1.3.1. Full thickness

1.4. Fourth degree

1.4.1. Deeper tissue (bone, muscle)

2. Causes of burns injury

2.1. Thermal

2.2. Chemical

2.3. Electrical

2.4. Radiation

3. Types of burns injury

3.1. Superficial partial-thickness

3.1.1. Destruction of epidermis

3.2. Deep partial thickness

3.2.1. Destruction of the epidermis and upper layers of the dermis

3.3. Deep partial thickness

3.3.1. Destruction of the epidermis, dermis, muscle, and bone

4. Complications:

4.1. Infection

4.1.1. Causes of infection

4.1.1.1. Contaminated or traumatic wound

4.1.1.2. Surgical wound

4.1.1.3. Untreated wound

4.1.2. Prevetion

4.1.2.1. Aseptic technique

4.1.2.2. Assessment of wound

4.1.2.3. Change dressing for necrotizing wound

4.1.3. Complication

4.1.3.1. Sepsis

4.1.3.2. Cellulitis

4.1.4. Manifestations

4.1.4.1. Redness

4.1.4.2. Swelling

4.1.4.3. Discharge (pus)

4.1.4.4. Pain

4.1.4.5. Bad smell

4.2. Hypovolemia

4.3. Hypothermia

4.4. Tachypnea

4.5. Dyspnea

4.6. Contractures

5. burn management

5.1. Emergency care (first 24h)

5.1.1. Extinguishing the burn source

5.1.2. Assess (ABC)

5.1.3. Covering the wound with clean dressing

5.1.4. Flushing the area with running water

5.1.5. Removing jewelry and nonadherent clothing

5.2. Reparative phase of burn management (48-72h)

5.2.1. Prevent infection

5.2.2. Prevent hypovolemia

5.2.3. Wound care

5.2.4. Nutrition support

5.3. Rehabilitative stage

5.3.1. Change the dressing

5.3.2. Assess wound healing

5.3.3. Follow up care

6. Pathology of inhalation injury

6.1. Thermal damage

6.1.1. Damage to the oropharyngeal area

6.2. Asphyxiation

6.2.1. Tissue hypoxia

6.3. Pulmonary irritation

6.3.1. Hyperinflation and Atelectasis.

7. Pathophysiology of the burn wound

7.1. Inflammatory reaction

7.2. Increased microvascular permeability

7.3. Increased extravascular osmotic activity

7.4. Vasodilation

7.5. Denaturation of proteins

7.6. Release of cytokines and other mediators